OCCUPATIONAL STRESS IN TEACHING: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF COLLEGE TEACHERS IN PUNJAB
Keywords:Occupation, Stress, teacher, rural, organization
The present paper is based on a study conducted to examine the occupational stress among teachers teaching at college level in relation to certain socio-demographic factors. Sample consisted of 250 college teachers randomly selected from the colleges situated in Punjab. The sample comprised teachers according to their nature of the institution in which they work, sex and locale. Proportionate random sampling technique was applied in the selection of the sample. Occupational Stress scale constructed by investigator was used to measure the extent of occupational stress among the teachers. The findings of the study revealed that government aided and private college teachers were significantly under the higher level of occupational stress than the teachers working in government colleges. Whereas, the teachers working on contract basis were found under higher level of occupational stress than regular teachers. Female college teachers and teachers working in rural colleges experienced higher level of occupational stress than male and urban college teachers. Study suggests that keeping in mind the deleterious effects of stress on physical and mental well being of the person and professional efficiency of the teacher, efforts must be made to reduce occupational stress among teachers. Correct stress management and coping strategies may prove beneficial to reduce stress. The prevention and management of occupational stress requires interventions at organization level.
I. Borg, M.C.And Falzen J.M.(1989) Stress and Job Satisfaction among Primary School Teachers in Malta. Educational Research . 41, 45-49
II. Butts, M.; DeJoy, D.; Schaffer, B.; Wilson, M. & Vandenberg, R. (Apr 2009). Individual Reactions to High Involvement Work Processes: Investigating the Role of Empowerment and Perceived Organizational Support. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 14(2), 122-136.
III. Chandraiah,K.et.al.(2003) Occupational Stress and Job Satisfaction among Managers Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine ,7(2).May-Aug.
IV. Garret,H.E.(1979) Statistics in Psychology and Education.Vakills,Feffer and Simons, Bombay.
V. Eres,F and Atanasoska,T(2014), “Occupational Stress of Teachers: A comparative Study,International Journal of Humainities and Sciences,Vol 1(7).
VI. Hawe. et.al. (2000): Job Satisfaction and Stress in New Zealand Primary School Teachers.Newzealand Journal of Educational Studies.35 (2), 193-205.
VII. Kauts, D.S. and Aggarwal, M.V.(2008):Teacher Stress: An Emerging Area of Research in Teacher Education Institutions. University News 46(35), 22-27.
VIII. Kaur, Satvinderpal (2008) Occupational Stress In Relation to Teacher Effectiveness among Secondary School teachers is published in Edutracks, 7 (10), 27-29.
IX. Kaur,Satvinderpal and Sharma Meenakshi(2014),Teachers’ Occupational Stress Scale(TOSS), Agra, National Psychological Corporation.
X. Kyriacou, C and Pratt (1989): Teacher Stress and Burnouts. An International Review of Educational Research, 29 (2), 146-152.
XI. Pes, D. and Cooper, C.L. (2007): A Study of Occupational Stress and its Determinants among Italian School Teachers. Stress and Health, 23(4), 231-241.
XII. Rao, S (2001): Causes and Coping Resources of Occupational Stress, The Educational Review, 41, (1), 6-7.
XIII. Sabu, S and Jangaiah, C. (2005): Adjustment and Teachers` Stress Edutracks, 5 (1), 32-35.
XIV. Selye.H.(1974) The Stress of Life.NewYork: Mcgraw Hill Publications.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.