• Abhishek Singh M.Sc. nursing final year, Teerthanker Mahaveer College of Nursing, TMU, Moradabad, U.P.
  • Mrs. K.Nalini Devi Assistant Professor, Teerthanker Mahaveer College of Nursing, TMU Moradabad, U.P.,


mirror therapy, stroke, effectiveness, hand functioning


This review gives a direction that mirror therapy is effective for hand function. Mirror  therapy  (MT)  is  an alternative therapeutic intervention that  enhances movement  performance of the impaired hand of stroke patient It has been suggested that mirror therapy is a simple, inexpensive and, most importantly patients-directed treatment for stroke may which improve hand function also.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of mirror therapy in hand functioning.    METHOD: This narrative review was intended to explore, describe, and interpret the hand functioning. The initial workout starts with the quantitative review literature. A literature review was searched from PubMed, EBSCO, DELNET etc., using key words such as Mirror therapy, stroke, functional improvement, upper hand. Articles from the year are 2010-2016 included in this narrative review. In that 14 review 8 review articles are removed and six full text articles are selected on the basis of inclusion criteria. RESULT: The review finding showed that  mirror therapy in addition to  a  conventional  rehabilitation  program  was more  beneficial  in  terms  of  motor  recovery and  hand-related  functioning.

CONCLUSION: The present review showed a trend that mirror therapy is effective in the upper limb treatment of stroke patients. The six studies concluded that the mirror can be useful for acute, sub-acute stroke. The mirror therapy is an efficient, simple and cost-effective treatment in combination to the conventional stroke rehabilitation program leading to improvement in hand functions of patients with acute/ sub -acute stroke.


I. Alina,R.,Jozef,O.,Krzysztof,M.(2016).The variety of methodology in mirror therapy practice for improving hand function after stroke. , 24, 7-11

II. Danielle,E.,Raoul.M.B.,Michiel.J.A.(2009). Systematic review of the effectiveness of mirror therapy in upper extremity function. 31(26), 2135-2149.

III. Deo,R.T.,Mahesh,K.T.,Surya,B.S.,Shipra,C.,Amod,K.(2016). Efficacy of mirror therapy in subacute stroke: A case-control study.US National Library of medicine enlisted journal, 9(2), 84-89

IV. Femy,M.B.,Vinod.B.,Sai.K.N.,Akshata.A.(2014). Effectiveness of mirror therapy as a home program in rehabilitation of hand function in sub-acute stroke. International Journal of physiotherapy and research, 2(1), 2321-1822.

V. Invernizzi,M.,Negrini,S.,Carda,S.,Lanzotti,L.,Cisari,C.,Baricich,A.(2012). The value of adding mirror therapy for upper limb motor recovery of sub acute stroke patients: a randomized controlled trial. European journal of Physical and Rehabilitation medicine,48, 1-7.

VI. Muzaffar,T.,Wadhwa,R.K.,Borah,D.,Laisram.N.,KothariS.Y.(2013).Evaluation of mirror therapy for Upper Limb Rehabilitation in stroke.IJPMR, 24(3), 63-9.

VII. Sneha,S.K.,Singaravelan,R.M.,Subhash,M.K.(2013).Comparison of task specific exercise and mirror therapy to improve upper limb function in subacute stroke patient. Journal of Dental and medical sciences, 7(1), 05-14.

VIII. Snehal,N.W.,Suvarna,S.G.(2015). Effectiveness of mirror therapy to improve hand functions in acute and sub-acute stroke patients. International Journal of Neurorehabilitation, 2(4), 2-4.

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How to Cite

Abhishek Singh, & Mrs. K.Nalini Devi. (2017). THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MIRROR THERAPY AMONG STROKE PATIENT. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 3(4). Retrieved from