SUSHRUTA'S HEMOSTATIC PROCEDURES: A BOON TO MODERN SURGERY
Keywords:Ayurveda, Hemostasis, Shalya Tantra, Raktstambhan, Bleeding
Management of effective hemostasis during surgery is one of the major components that provide many benefits to both the surgical team and the patient in terms of early recovery. Hemostasis has been given a lot of focused attention since prehistoric times, and numerous techniques as well as their practices are documented in one of the para-surgical procedures bloodletting therapy (Raktamokshana) by Acharya Sushruta. Sandhana (Binding), Skandana (Clotting), Pachana (Dusting the Bhasma/ashesh), and Dahana (Cauterization) are the four hemostatic procedures. In this regard, modern medical science has described its mechanism through the three steps: vasoconstriction, temporary blockage of a break by a platelet plug, and blood coagulation, or formation of a fibrin clot, as well as various hemostasis approaches and their indications based on the type of hemorrhage. Sandhana produces vasoconstriction and bridging of wounded vessels, Skandana aids in clotting, while Pachana and Dahana treatments may aid in blood coagulation. As a result, it is critical to examine the hemostatic procedures mentioned in ancient Indian science, which will aid in better understanding and application for the advancement of the medical sector in the modern day.
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