• Dr. Madhumita Mandal Bera Assistant Professor in History, Vivekananda Mission Mahavidyalaya, Chaitanyapur, Haldia,West Bengal, India


Tamralipta, Community, Urban, Municipality, Census, Population


East Midnapore or Purba Medinipur is one of the eighteen (18) administrative districts of West Bengal mostly associated with the ancient port city Tamralipta or Tamralipti. It is true to say that in pre-historic and historic period the sea-town Tamralipta was an important centre. It is probably the oldest Bengal town to which we find references in several sources i.e. both in archaeological as well as indigenous and foreign accounts. So many people came here for trading and educational purpose.

With the changes of long historical background the demography has also changed in Tamluk. The people in ancient period were come from multi-racial identity of pre-Aryan racial and religious beliefs. When the Aryan culture flourished the Hindu, Buddhist and Jain religion also began to flourish. With the coming of the Mughals the muslims came to settle here. Cristianity came with the British. So a multi dimentional race and culture emerged in Tamluk throughout the ages. Although diversity in race and culture are there but a kind of synthesis in culture has grown. The participation of the people of this region in freedom movement had proven this synthesis cultural belief. After all the growing population of today’s Tamluk needed much attention to have a look on the past. All these will be discussed in the main discussion.


I. Census of India 2011, West Bengal, Series-20, District Census Handbook, Part XII-B, Purba Medinipur, p.1.

II. Majumdar, R.C: History of Ancient Bengal, Tulshi Prakashani, Kolkata, 2005, p.280.

III. L.S.S.O’Malley, Bengal District Gazetteers Midnapore, The Bengal Secretariat Book Depot, 1911,p.19.

IV. for details see Dr. Maity, Prodyot Kumar’s book Tamluker Itihas,Purba Medinipur Sahitya Sammelani, Tamluk, Purba Medinipur, March 2015, p.38.

V. Ibid: p.40.

VI. Ibid: p.39.

VII. Ibid: pp.84-85.

VIII. Roy,Niharranjan ,Bangaleer Itihas: Aadi Parba, Dey’s Publishing, 7th Edition 1416 (Bengali Year), p.295-96.

IX. Ibid., p.381.

X. Major, R.H(ed), 1857, India in the 15th Century-being a collection of narratives of voyages to India in the century preceding the Portuguese Discovery of the Cape of Good Hope, Hakluyt Society, London cited in Biplab Dasgupta’s Discussion Paper No. 3/2001, December 2001, Urbanization in the Pre-Colonial Bengal.

XI. Roy,Niharranjan, op. cit., p.163.

XII. L.S.S.O’Malley, op.cit.,p.21.

XIII. Roy,Niharranjan , op. cit., p.163.

XIV. Dr. Maity, Prodyot Kumar’s book Tamluker Itihas,op.cit., pp. 92-100.

XV. Hunter, W.W.: A Statistical Account of Bengal, Trubner & Co., London, 1876, p.66.

XVI. Ibid, p.63.

XVII. L.S.S.O’Malley, op.cit.,p.221.

XVIII. Census of India 2011. P.18.

XIX. Hunter, W.W.,op.cit.,p.187.

XX. Census of India 2011. P.18.

XXI. Hunter,W.W.,op.cit., p.187.

XXII. Ibid, p.187.

XXIII. General Department, Miscllaneous Branch B-Proceedings for June 1910, Nos.307-09.

XXIV. Census of India 2011. P.20.

XXV. L.S.S.O’Malley, op.cit.,p.21.

XXVI. Census of India 1991, Series -26, West Bengal, District Census Handbook Part XII-A, Village and Town Directory, Medinipur District, Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal, p-918.

XXVII. Ibid, p-928.

XXVIII. Ibid, p-932.

XXIX. Census of India 2001,p-4636.

XXX. Census of India 1921, Part I Report, Vol. V: Bengal, Thompson, W.H., Bengal secretariat Book Depot, Calcutta, Rare book, Source: Archeological Survey of India, New Delhi, PN-295.

XXXI. Census of India-1961, District Census Handbook, Midnapore, Vol.I, p,22 cited in Radha krishna Bari’s book Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar, published by Sri Sushil Kumar Dhara, 26th January,2000, p.5.

XXXII. Sarkar,Harisadhan , Tamluk Saharer Itikatha, The New Srijan Press, Tamluk, Third Edition, 2014, p.28.

XXXIII. Ibid, p.29.

XXXIV. Bari, Radhakrishna: Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar, Published by Sri Sushil Kumar Dhara, 26th January, 2000, p.3.

XXXV. Ibid, p.29-30.

XXXVI. Ibid, p.30.

XXXVII. Census 1961 West Bengal District Census Handbook, Midnapore Vol.II R.Ray, Calcutta, p.295 & Census 2011 & Census of India 2001 Series 20 West Bengal, P-4090.

XXXVIII. Census 2011 collected from https://www.census 2011.co.in.

XXXIX. Bari, Radhakrishna: op.cit., pp-6-7.

XL. Dr. Maity, Prodyot Kumar: Historic and Glorious Tamralipta: A Profile, Purvadri Prakasani, Tamluk, Purba Medinipur, December 2008, pp.56-57.

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How to Cite

Dr. Madhumita Mandal Bera. (2023). TAMLUK: A SELECTIVE STUDY OF SOME CENSUS REPORTS. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 9(6). Retrieved from https://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/2810