AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE FREQUENCY OF NEEDLE STICKS INJURIES AMONG MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS AND AN EXAMINATION OF THEIR UNDERLYING CAUSES IN A HYDERABAD TEACHING HOSPITAL

Authors

  • Dr. Gandham Pavani Professor and Infection control officer, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Apollo Institute of Medical sciences and Research, Hyderabad, TS, India
  • Ms. B. Pushpanjali Staff Nurse and Researcher, Infection Control, Apollo Institute of Medical sciences and Research, Hyderabad, TS, India
  • Dr. Mahendra Kumar Verma Assistant Professor, Basic Science, American University School of Medicine Aruba
  • Prof. M. V. Raghavendra Rao Scientist Emeritus, Director of Research Laboratory, Apollo Institute of Medical sciences and Research, Hyderabad, TS, India

Keywords:

Needle stick injuries, Healthcare workers, Root cause analysis

Abstract

Background: Needle stick injuries (NSI) are known occupational risk for health care workers.NSI carry the highest risk of transmission of various blood borne infections. The most common causes of NSI differ from hospital to hospital .Prevention of NSI in a hospital can be planned by doing a root cause analysis.

Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted amongst Healthcare workers (HCW) from January to December 2022 in a teaching hospital. All the HCWs who encountered NSI were interviewed to know the details of place of injury in the hospital, cause of injury, viral markers of source   and HCW and vaccination status of HCWs. Exposed  HCWs were  followed up for 6 months for any seroconversion.

Results: The incidence of NSI in our study was 0.18. Majority of the NSIs occurred in the ER, ICU’s and wards. The most common cause of NSI was improper sample collection followed by improper disposal of sharps. 35.3 % of the source patients were HBV positive and 23.52% were HIV positive. None of HCW was positive for HBV, HIV & HCV on baseline screening. 35.3% of them were protected against HBV infection. Follow up of health workers  done  1,3,6 months after NSI  revealed that 90.6% healthcare workers were tested negative  for HBV, HIV and HCV.

 

Conclusion: Repeated training of HCW in hospitals regarding adherence to safety precautions   for prevention of  NSI’s, proper technique of sample collection  ,proper disposal of biomedical waste and   prevention of  recapping of needles  should be undertaken  based  on the common causes of NSI in the hospital concerned. Mandatory hepatitis B vaccination awareness programme in our hospital could be the reason for high HBV vaccination coverage among our HCWs.   

References

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Additional Files

Published

15-05-2023

How to Cite

Dr. Gandham Pavani, Ms. B. Pushpanjali, Dr. Mahendra Kumar Verma, & Prof. M. V. Raghavendra Rao. (2023). AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE FREQUENCY OF NEEDLE STICKS INJURIES AMONG MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS AND AN EXAMINATION OF THEIR UNDERLYING CAUSES IN A HYDERABAD TEACHING HOSPITAL. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 9(5). Retrieved from https://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/2712

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