• Dr. Madhu Batta Associate Professor, Ramanujan College, University of Delhi


Nationalism, Imagination, Borders, Riots, Freedom, Violence, History


Amitav Ghosh' s The Shadow Lines presents the complexities of post-colonial and postmodern world and had shown subversions in the novel for certain notions deeply ingrained in the cultural, psychological and historical realities. The arbitrarily drawn national boundaries creating divisions and violence, the shadow lines between fact and fiction, the historical truth and lived realities and personal memories, freedom and bondage are explored with a keen and sensitive eye. The idea of nationalism, personal freedom, historical facts, riots- their reasons and consequences, mortality, the unity of experience are dexterously woven together in the novel.


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X. Ghosh, Amitav. The Shadow Lines:223

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XIII. Woolf, Virginia. A room of one’s own, by Virginia Woolf. eBooks@Adelaide. [Online] The University of Adelaide. [Cited: March 15, 2015.]

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XVI. Ghosh, Amitav. The Shadow Lines:217

XVII. Ghosh, Amitav. The Shadow Lines:217

XVIII. Ghosh, Amitav. The Shadow Lines:217

XIX. Mukherjee, Meenakshi. Maps and Mirrors: Coordinates of meaning in The Shadow Lines (Delhi OUP:1995) P.255

Additional Files



How to Cite

Dr. Madhu Batta. (2022). SUBVERSIONS IN AMITAV GHOSH’S THE SHADOW LINES. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 8(7). Retrieved from