A STUDY ON THE IMPORTANCE OF MOTHER LANGUAGE IN EDUCATION AS NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL POLICY 2020

Joy Prakash Deb

Abstract


India is clearly different among the groups of people who further can be divided in the sections of rural and urban. The people are quite continuously bearing the tradition to the further line of keeping the difference in almost all social conditions. Education is such a goal oriented issue in which the people are further coming up to be differentiated and particularly deviated to be called as equally developed. Unfortunately in case of education also the rural to urban difference can be observed. As per the Census 2011 the rural population was possessing 67.77 percent of literacy which was for the urban as 84.11 percent. This difference is not limited to the level of education only but also for the job engagement or be away from the economic exploitation. This is a situation of by chance with which the Indian population is unconditionally and unjustifiably attached with the situation of education. In this condition language plays a vital role because for education a good level of motivation is also needed. In the rural places many students are from first generation and belong to a background where the external languages are hardly being heard by the students. So the rural education did always have a trend to be local vernacular oriented so after doing a few classes when the inequality is much prominent to them. The rural to urban division is really a factor for non motivation. Now if all the children of the nation can get education up to a certain level in the schools. After attaining a certain age when the need of education could be felt then the other languages could be given to them. It will surely be helpful for the inclusive trend of education in an altogether manner when all students will be equally educated. In this way the constitutional provision of equality will also be finely managed. This study is elaborating on this possibility through the lens of NEP 2020. The Act's 29(2)(f) has given an assurance that from the June 2021 a basic language policy will be adopted by keeping in focus the mother languages for the students in primary level of schooling.


Keywords


Groups of people, Tradition, Social conditions, Census, NEP 2020

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