WATER SCARCITY IN INDIA: A MAJOR THREAT TO THE ECONOMY

Authors

  • Dr. Ifsha Khurshid Assistant Professor, Post Graduate Department of Economics, Vinoba Bhave University, Hazaribag

Keywords:

Water Scarcity, Human resource, Indian Economy, Agriculture, Food Security, Water stress, Public Health

Abstract

Access to fresh water is one of the biggest environmental challenges of the 21st Century. According to World Health Organization 1.1 billion people lack access to clean drinking water. Nearby 2.7 billion people experience water scarcity at least one month out of the year. By 2025 it is expected that two-third of the world’s population will be living in water stressed areas. The non accessibility to clean drinking water expose these vulnerable populations to deadly water borne illnesses such as diarrhoea, cholera and typhoid and every year it killing thousands of people in a developing country like India and affecting its human resource. The world population which is projected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050 the increase in the demand for agricultural land and its produce which will further put stress on use of freshwater resources. India being the second most populous country in the world is about to face the brunt of this water crisis. With the passage of time the problem of water scarcity becomes the problem of existence of human being. In this situation any new discovery of fresh water resources will be a great relief and finding new reservoirs will be blessing for humanity. Apart from new discoveries there is a need for adopting and practicing water saving measures in all aspects of life and economy.

References

I. Census of India (2011) Census 2011, In Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India

II. Central Groundwater Board (2017) Water Resources of India, In: Central Ground Water Board, Ministry of Water Resources, government of India

III. Dhawan, B. D ( 1997) “ Large –Scale Canal Irrigation – How Cost Effective”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol 32, No. 26

IV. Final Report of Minor Irrigation and Watershed Management for the Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-2017), Planning Commission, Government of India.

V. Fishman, r., Devineni, N., & Raman,S (2015). Can Improves Agricultural Water Use Efficiency Save India’s Groundwater? Environmental Research Letters, 10,084022; https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/10/8/084022

VI. Global News (2019, June 24) A Historic Drought in India is so severe that its now visible from space. Accessed March 1st 2020.

VII. Indian Meteorological Department ( 2019, June 27) Current Weather Status and Outlook

VIII. National Institution for Transforming India (2018 June) Composite Water Management Index

IX. News 18 ( 2019, June 25) 65% of India’s Reservoirs Running Dry, Maharashtra Worst Affected, Shows Water Panel’s Report.

X. The Hindustan Times ( 2019,June 21) Kerala Offers two million litres of drinking water to parched Tamil Nadu

XI. The Indian Express ( 2019, June 28) Rain Check : What held the monsoon back, what is the forecast ahead

XII. The Wire ( 2019, June 27) “India’s Drought situation is far worse than we realize”

Additional Files

Published

15-04-2022

How to Cite

Dr. Ifsha Khurshid. (2022). WATER SCARCITY IN INDIA: A MAJOR THREAT TO THE ECONOMY. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 8(4). Retrieved from https://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/2434