• Ms. Isha Jain Research Scholar, Centre for Human Rights and Duties, Panjab University, Chandigarh


Agriculture, Farmers’ Suicides, Human Rights, Indebtedness


Agriculture is an important occupation in India. Many people are dependent on agriculture for their income. The low productivity which is led by the deterioration of soil has resulted in low income for the farmers. Over the period of time, the farmers have become indebted of heavy amounts. The indebtedness extent has been studies by various organizations over the period of time. Ultimately, it has resulted into farmers ending up their lives due to the mounting pressures from the money lenders. It not only leads to pressure on the farmer itself but also on the family. There is a cause-and-effect relationship between the pressures being felt by farmer and family members. At times, the farmer is not able to cope up with the pressure on himself and at times, the farmer is not able to accept the building pressure on the family members. In the name of inheritance, the responsibility of family comes along with the debt on the younger generation. All this situation leads to a lot of human rights violations of the farmers and also family members. The paper is an attempt to analyze the human rights violations that exists. The paper will highlight a list of human rights which gets violated as a result of farmers’ suicide. This is an analytical paper based on the analysis drawn out the existing secondary data.


• Agriculture Economics and Importance of Agriculture in National Economy available at

• Behere P.B. and Behere A.P. (2008), “Farmers' suicide in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state: A myth or reality?”, Indian Journal of Psychiatry, Vol 50 No 2, pp. 124-127.

• Brief History of Agriculture Census in India available at

• Deshpande R. S (2002), “Suicide by Farmers in Karnataka: Agrarian Distress and Possible Alleviatory Steps”, Economic and Political Weekly, Volume 37, pp. 2601-2610.

• Deshpande, R. S. (2002), “Suicide by Farmers in Karnataka: Agrarian Distress and Possible Alleviatory Steps”, Economic and Political Weekly, pp. 2601-2610.

• Deshpande, Vinaya (2014), “Don’t force farmers to repay loans, HC tells Maharashtra government”, The Hindu (Mumbai ed.), 21st March, 2014, pp. 6.

• Dev, S. Mahendra (2012), A note on Trends in Public Investment in India, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research.

• Dr. Suneeth Kumar, 2015

• Dubhashi, P. R. (2008), “Indepth Study of Farmers’ Suicides, their Causes and Remedies”, Mainstream Weekly, Vol XLVI No 27, pp. 5-6.

• Gill, Sucha S. (2005), Economic Distress and Farmer Suicides in Rural Punjab, Journal of Punjab Studies, Vol 12 No. 2.

• Government of India, National Crime Records Bureau (2012), Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India, Ministry of Home Affairs, New Delhi.

• Jaijee, I.S. (2014, April 28), Political silence on farmer suicides, The Tribune (Punjab ed.).

• Kaur, Gurmeet (2013), “Indebtedness and Farmers Suicides in Rural Punjab”, International Journal Of Research in Commerce, IT and Management, Vol 3, Issue No. 8, pp. 141-46.

• Kaur, Rajwinder and Sharma, Manisha (2012), Agricultural Subsidies in India Boon or Curse, IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science.

• Khanna, Bharat (2014, May 12), Farmers’ Suicide: Hassanpur brothers had lost father to same old debt, The Tribune (Punjab ed.)

• Kumar, C.R. (2007), “Indian Farmers need Human Rights”, The Hindu (Chennai ed.), 7th December, p. 4.

• Mishra, S. (2008), “Risks, Farmers’ Suicides and Agrarian Crisis in India: Is There A Way Out?”, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Volume 63(1).

• Mishra, S. (2014), “Farmers’ suicides in India, 1995-2012: Measurement and Interpretation”, Asia Research Centre Working Paper 62.

• Mohanty, B. B. (2005), “We are like the living dead’: Farmer Suicides in Maharashtra, Western India”, Journal of Peasant Studies, 32(2), 243-276.

• Radhakrishnan, Rajiv and Andrade, Chittaranjan (2012), Suicide an Indian Perspective. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 54(4), 304-319.

• Reddy, D. N., & Mishra, S. (2009), “Agriculture in the Reforms Regime” Agrarian Crisis in India, OUP, New Delhi.

• Salunkhe, H.A. and Deshmush, B.B. (2012), “The overview of Government subsidies to agriculture sector in India”, IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, Vol 1, Issue 5 (Nov. - Dec. 2012), pp. 43-47.

• Sharma, A.P. (2013), “Punjab plans fresh survey on farmer suicides”, The Times of India (Chandigarh ed.), 19th August, 2013, pp. 7.

• Sidhu, Aman with Jaijee, I.S. (2011), Debt and Death in Rural India: The Punjab Story, Sage Publications, New Delhi.

• Sidhu, R.S., Singh, Sukhpal, and Bhullar, A.S. (2011), “Farmers’ Suicides in Punjab: A Census Survey of the Two Most Affected Districts”, Economic and Political Weekly Supplement, Vol XLVI Nos 26-27, pp. 131-137.

• Sundharam, K.P.M., Datt, Gaurav and Mahajan, Ashwani (2013), Indian Economy, 67th Revised Edition, S. Chand and Company, New Delhi.

• Suri, K. C. (2006), “Political Economy of Agrarian Distress”, Economic and Political Weekly, 1523-1529.

• Vaidyanathan, A. (2006), “Farmers’ Suicides and the Agrarian Crisis”, Economic and Political Weekly, 4009-4013.

• Vasdev, Kanchan (2012), “In Punjab, three farmers kill selves every two days”, The Tribune (Chandigarh ed.), 27th May, 2012, pp. 2.

• Verma, A.K. (2011), “Farmers’ Suicides and Statehood Demand in Bundelkhand”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol XLVI No 28, pp. 10-11.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Ms. Isha Jain. (2022). HUMAN RIGHTS CONCERNS RELATED TO FARMERS’ SUICIDES. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 8(3). Retrieved from