Shaikh Mateen Latif


In recent years, the attempts to liberalize and globalize the Indian economy through removal of control over physical (materials / products/equipment etc.) and financial (industrial licensing and lowering of tariff barriers) capital and the emergence of information revolution, which has reduced the time lag in the transfer of information, has created significant economic opportunities for the country in the global market as well as stiff competition in the national market. To derive maximum return from the opportunities, technology is being continuously upgraded by the firms to enhance the quality of the products and productivity of the resources. Any change in technology leads to changing skills requirement among the labour.

In traditional employment relationship, the relationship between employee and employer is well defined, In case of any technological upgradation, employer used to take care of the training needs of the employees, commensurate with technological up- gradation. However, most of the modern employment is being generated in the informal sector where the employment relationship is not well defined. The employer, in that circumstance, may not take care of training need of the employees. On the contrary, those employees are declared redundant. The relative immobility of the labour and lack of defined employer- employee relationship leaves them out of work in the process of any technological upgradation. The paper is divided into four sections. The Second section discusses the nature and magnitude of the technologically unemployed. The third section highlights the need for designing cost-effective continuing education programs for the technologically unemployed workers. It can be operated through engineering institutions, which has already required infrastructure. The last section concludes the discussion.

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