Neelam Suman, Dr. Sangeeta Chauhan


In the process of self-direction, the students naturally follow the perspective of constructivism, but they are not able to follow the process of constructivism as a whole, for this they needed a tutor. To make mathematical learning more effective while doing self-study, the students can use multimedia-based e-learning material along with a constructivist approach. 

Constructivism can be imbibed in the perspective of self-direction. A student’s ability to reflect his self-efficacy of learning.  Self-efficacy corresponds to the student’s will power to learn which is contrary to his own anxiety. If the student's self-efficacy is high then his anxiety will be less and similarly his anxiety will be higher than the self-efficacy is less. Higher self-efficacy of the student makes it easier to learn therefore his concept formation is more recognized. 

Permanently obtained conception by the student increases his achievement.  Construction and deconstruction are two important methods of learning. Human’s cognition constructs new experiences, facts and concepts by removing the concept, facts and principle which is old and cannot prove to be logical at the current time. After this the cognition of person adds to the new knowledge in the previous knowledge whereby the knowledge of human beings is increased and enhanced.


Constructivism, Self-direction, Self-efficacy, Concept formation, Construction and Deconstruction

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