Ruma Kundu, Kul Bahadur Chhetri, Girijasankar Mallik


The present study tries to examine the possible determinants of extramarital affairs in Sikkim for men and women. Collecting data for 178 individuals from a hill state (Sikkim) in India this study found that higher religiousness, marriage satisfaction and education linked with a decreased likelihood of EMA significantly and probability of having EMA increases with higher income. Using Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition method this study further found that there is no significant difference between men and women in their response to an act of EMA, but rural people have higher chance of having an EMA than their urban counterparts in Sikkim.


India, Sikkim, Extramarital affairs, Logit, Blinder-Oaxaca

Full Text:



Aghajanian, A., (1986). Some Notes on Divorce in Iran. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 48, 749 – 55.

Atkins, D.C., and Kessel, D.E., (2008). Religiousness and Infidelity: Attendance, but Not Faith and Prayer, Predict Marital Fidelity, Journal of Marriage and Family, 70(2), 407-418.

Becker, G., Landes, E.M., Michael, R.T., (1977). An Economic Analysis of Marital Instability. Journal of Political Economy, 85(6), 1141-1187.

Blinder, A. S. (1973) Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates. Journal of Human Resources, 8, 436-455.

Buller, D.J., (2005). Evolutionary Psychology: The Emperor’s New Paradigm, TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences, 9(6), 277-283.

Buss, D.M., & Schmitt, D.P. (1993). Sexual Strategies Theory: An Evolutionary Perspective on Human Mating. Psychological Review, 100: 204-232.

Buss, D.M. and Shackelford, T.K., (1997). Susceptibility to Infidelity in the First Year of Marriage, Journal of Research in Personality, 31, 193-221.

Buunk, B.P. and Van Driel, B., (1989). Variant Lifestyles and Relationships. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Cameron, S (2002).The Economics of Partner out Trading in Sexual Markets; Journal of Bioeconomics 4, pp. 195-222.

Elmslie, B and Tebaldi, E. (2008). So, What Did You Do Last Night? The Economics of Infidelity; KYKLOS, 61(3), 391-410.

Fair, R., (1978). A Theory of Extramarital Affairs, Journal of Political Economy, 86, 45–61.

Fan, C. S. and Lui, H.K. (2004) Extramarital Affairs, Marital Satisfaction, and Divorce: Evidence from Hong Kong; Contemporary Economic Policy, 22 (4), 442–452.

Hartnett, J. and Wollman, N. (1979). Extramarital Affairs: A Study in Person Perception, Perceptual and Motor Skills, 48 (3c), 1306.

Hiedemann, B., Suhomlinova, O and O'Rand, A.M., (1998). Economic Independence, Economic Status, and Empty Nest in Midlife Marital Disruption, Journal of Marriage and Family, 60(1), 219-231

Hoetker, G. (2007). The use of Logit and Probit Models in Strategic Management Research: Critical Issues. Strategic Management Journal, 28, 331-343.

Lalasz, C. B., & Weigel, D. J. (2011). Understanding the relationship between gender and extra dyadicrelations: The mediating role of sensation seeking on intentions to engage in sexual infidelity. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(7), pp. 1079-1083.

Lammers, J.; Stoker, J. I.; Jordan, J.; Pollmann, M. and Stapel, D. A. (2011). Power increases infidelity among men and women. Psychological Science 22(9), 1191–1197.

Lehrer, E.L., (2008). Age at Marriage and Marital Instability: Revisiting the Beckers-Landes-Michael Hypothesis, Journal of Population Economics, 21(2) 463-484.

Li, Q. and Racine, J (2004). Predictor Relevance and Extramarital Affairs; Journal of Applied Econometrics, 19 (4), 533-535.

Nath, S. (2011). What Makes People Infidel? An Analysis of the Influence of Demographics on Extramarital Affairs, Undergraduate Economic Review, 8 (1), 1-17.

Oaxaca, R. (1973). Male-female Wage Differentials in Urban Labour Markets, International Economic Review. 14, 693-709.

Oyediran, K, Isiugo-Abanihe, Uche C., Feyisetan, B.J., Ishola, G.P. (2010). Prevalence of Factors Associated with Extramarital Sex among Nigerian Men, American Journal of Men’s Health, 4(2), 124-134.

South, S. J., Trent, K. and Shen, Y., (2001). Changing Partners: Toward a Macrostructural-Opportunity Theory of Marital Dissolution, Journal of Marriage and Family, 63, 743–754.

Tobin, J. (1958). Estimation of Relationships for Limited Dependent Variables, Econometrica, 26, 24-36.

Weinberg, M. S., Ilsa, L. L. and Liahna E. G., (1997). Social Class Background, Sexual

Attitudes, and Sexual Behavior in a Heterosexual Undergraduate Sample, Archives of Sexual

Behavior, 26(6): 625–642

Whisman, M.A., Gordon, K.C., and Chatav, Y. (2007). Predicting Sexual Infidelity in a Population-based Sample of Married Individuals, Journal of Family Psychology, 21 (2), 320-324.

Wood, W., and Eagly, A.H., (2007). Social Structural Origins of Sex Differences in Human Mating. In S. W. Gangestad & J. A. Thomson (Eds.), Evolution of the mind: Fundamental questions and controversies (pp. 383-390), NY: Guilford Press.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.