• Dr. Bilal Ahmad Shiekh Research Scholar, School of Arts and Languages, Department of Persian, University of Kashmir


Dara Shikoh, Islamic Mysticism, Tawhid, Hindu philosophy, Dara Upanishads, Yoga Vashista


 Dara Shikoh (1615-1659) was reknowed Sufi, author, poet, and translator of Hindu Religious Testimonies. He is the eldest son of Shahjahan and designated crown prince. He occupied a unique position among all Mughal princes because of his comparative study of Islamic mysticism and classical Hindu philosophy. Dara Shikoh greatly worked for the Indo- Islamic mysticism by highlighting the similarities between ancient Hindu and Islamic Sufi teachings. He not only followed the liberal religious attitude of his grandfather Akbar but gave a new dimension to Indo-Islamic Mysticism in India and it spread all over the world through his mystical works. Dara Shikoh being a disciple of Mian Mir Qadari and a great follower of Qadari order of Sufism devoted his much time for the search of truth. And during his study and research he felt that the search for God (truth) was same at all the times and all over the world. He preached the mingling of classical Hindu philosophy and Islamic Mysticism and always tried to find the common grounds between these two thoughts so that a healthier tradition could be produced, that will lead to universal brotherhood among the followers of different religions, which is outmost need of the present world. This was crux of Indo-Islamic Mysticism produced by the Dara Shikoh. He was executed by his younger brother Aurangzeb on political and religious basis. Aurangzeb was a stanch Sunnie Muslim, who followed the policy of intolerance with Hindus and spiritual persons like Dara Shikoh and the great Sufi sage and Persian poet Sarmad.


I. Ahmad Nabi Khan, Diwan of Dara Shikoh, Iksir-I-Azam, Research Society of Pakistan University of Punjab, Lahore, 1969.

II. Brahman, Chander Bhan, Lahore Ki Mulakat, Urdu translation by Professor Mazhar-ur-Allah Qureshi, March- April 2018.

III. B.J. Hasrat, Dara Shikoh; Life and Works, Calcutta, 1935.

IV. Dara Shikoh, Sikanat-ul-Auliya, Urdu translation by Professor Maqbool Beg Badakhshani, Lahore, 1976.

V. Dara Shikoh, Safinat-ul-Auliya Urdu translation by Mohammad Ali Latufi, Farid Book Depot, Delhi.

VI. Dara Shikoh, Majma-ul-Behrain Edited and translated by M. Mahfouz-ul-Haq, Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta, 1929.

VII. K.R. Qanungo, Dara Shikoh: Biography, Calcutta 1935.

VIII. Muhammad Dara Shikoh, Risala- I-Haq- Numa, English translation by Rai Bahadur Srisa Chandra Vasu, Allahabad 1912.

IX. Shakeel-Ur-Rehman, Mohammad Dara Shikoh Aak Taruf, Urfi Publications, 2012.

X. Syed Mohammad Islam Shah, Dara Shikoh Kay Mazhabi Akayad, Lahore, 1968.

XI. Shamis-Ul-Ulma Moulana Zaka-Ullah, Aurangzeb Alamgir Halat o Wakat kay Aayenay Mai, Maktab-ul-Haq Modern Dairy Jogashwari, Mumbai.

XII. Syed Sabah-u-Din Abdul Rehman, Bazm-i-Taymoriya, vol.2, Matbah Muarif, Azam Grah.

XIII. S. M. Jaffar, The Mughal Empire from Babar to Aurangzeb, Ess Ess Publications, Delhi-52.

Research journals & Papers

I. Afghanistan Quarterly Vol-11.

II. International Journal of History and Research. ISSN 2249-6963, Vol 2.

III. Shahid Latif & Abdul Qadir Mushtaq, Dara Shikoh: Mystical and Philosophical Discourse, International Journal of History and Research (IJHR) ISSN 2249-6963, vol.3, Issue 2 June 2013.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Dr. Bilal Ahmad Shiekh. (2020). DARA SHIKOH; AN AMBASSADOR OF INDO - ISLAMIC MYSTICISM. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 6(11). Retrieved from https://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/2178