IMPACT OF THE EXTRACTION OF INERT MATERIALS FROM RIVERBEDS ON ECOLOGICAL BALANCE

Jamalov Jasarat Aladdin

Abstract


Extraction and production of inert materials from riverbeds has recently resulted in some serious environmental problems. This is because river beds are exploited by quarries without considering the specific features and material resources of rivers, material carrying capacity of rivers, chemical and mineralogical composition of inert materials and the related impacts made on the environment. Scientific and practical findings of monitoring works, conducted in sand and gravel quarries of river beds present in the territory of Azerbaijan, indicate that unregulated exploitation of quarries violates ecological balance, which in turn causes a number of problems. Solution of these problems requires thorough investigating, based on which influential measures should be undertaken.

Keywords


riverbed, inert, engineering and geological, infrastructure, ecological balance, sand, gravel, physical-mechanical, mineralogical, chemical, petrographic.

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References


State Standard of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Crushed stone and gravel of hard mountain rocks for construction works. Technical conditions. AZS 473 - 2011 (GOST 8267-93).

Jamalov J.A., Mammadov H.N. Impact of the main properties of concrete filler on the quality of reinforced concrete in terms of safety. Practical directions of theoretical and experimental methods of contemporary nature science. Sumgait State University, Sumgait. 2009.

Fataliyev S.A. On the concrete-damaging minerals in the composition of filling materials extracted from river valleys. Baku. 2010

Aghayev T.D., Ahmadov Sh.A., Khalilov T.A. Ecological safety. Textbook.


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