• Karthikeyan Ramiah Department of Mechanical Engineering, PAC Ramasamy Raja Polytechnic College, Rajapalayam, India
  • Pandian Pitchipoo Department of Mechanical Engineering, PSR Engineering College, Sivakasi, India


teaching learning process, eLearning, mLearning, smart class rooms, 3D Printer


Up to the last century, teachers and their lecture notes were the only resources available for the learning community. Some of the reference books, publications, and research manuscripts available in the libraries in the form of hard copies, stencils, photo copies, hints, manual written scripts, etc made the learning process more difficult. Now, in the era of Digital Transformation all information is available in the digital formats with more detailed descriptions. These resources can be easily accessed by anyone from any place and at any time. Hence the task of bringing the learners to the class rooms made tedious. The responsibilities put on the shoulders of the teaching community apart from teaching-learning process are also increasing exponentially. If the digital resources were effectively used with the support of smart class rooms, the teaching learning process will be a fruitful system with multiple benefits to all stake holders. This article explains various electronic (eLearning) and mobile (mLearning) learning gadgets and techniques available to enhance the delivery of lecture sessions more lively and effectively.


Natarajan R (2014), “Ithu Yarudaiya vagupparai (Whose Classroom is this?)”, Books for Children, Chennai, India, pp. 28-35.

Anton Semenovich Makarenko (2004), “His Life and Work: Articles, Talks and Reminiscences Paperback”, Foreign Languages Publishing House, Moscow.

Anton Semenovich Makarenko (1951), “The road to life an epic of education”, [translated from the Russian by Ivy and Tatiana Litvinov], Moscow Progress Publishers, Moscow.

Eastern Peak (2016) How to creaate an App for your Business

Available at: https://easternpeak.com/blog/how-to-create-an-app/ (accessed 04 January 2020).

Claudio Kirner (2018) Virtual and Increased Reality

Available at: http://www.realidadevirtual.com.br (accessed 03 January 2020).

Adriana Soares Pereira, Liliana Maria Passerino, and Sandra Dutra Piovesan (2012), “Virtual Reality as a Tool in the Education’, IADIS International Conference on Cognition and Exploratory Learning in Digital Age (CELDA 2012), pp. 295 - 298

Carl Nätterdal and Mustafa Hussein (2015), “The Benefits of Virtual Reality in Education - A Comparison Study”, Bachelor of Science Thesis in Software Engineering and Management, , Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden, June 2015.

Augment (2020) Augmeted Reality for Education

Available at: https://www.augment.com/education/(accessed 03 January 2020).

Think Mobiles (2019) Augmented Reaity in Education

Available at: https://thinkmobiles.com/ blog/ augmented-reality-education/ (accessed 26 December 2019).

DZone - AI Zone (2019) Augmented Reaity in Education

Available at: https://dzone.com/articles/augmented-reality-in-education(accessed 27 December 2019).

Scholasatic Teachers (2019) Will the Kindle change the Education

Available at: http://www.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=3752572(accessed 01 December 2019).

Kindle Education (2019) Mentor students to develop skills required to be successful in life

Available at: https://www.kindleeducation.com/(accessed 01 December 2019).

ESL Fast (2019) A huge free online English learning resource

Available at: https://www.eslfast.com/(accessed 03 December 2019).

Google Play (2019) Strenth of Materilas - SOM

Available at: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.faadooengineers.free_strengthofmaterials&hl=en (accessed 05 December 2019).

Ample Trails (2019) Steps create Online Moddles Exams

Available at: https://ampletrails.com/steps-create-online-exams-moodle/e-learning-blog (accessed 08 December 2019).

Keeko (2019) (CNC) The Robot Teacher

Available athttp://www.ikeeko.com/nd.jsp?id=18 (accessed 10 December 2019).

The American Society for Mechanical Engineers (2019 ) Robots Teachers Transform Education

Available at: https://www.asme.org/engineering-topics/articles/robotics/robot-teachers-transform-education (accessed 10 December 2019).

The Hindu (2018) Robot Teachers in China’s Kindergartens

Available at: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/technology/robot-teachers-in-chinas-kindergartens/article24812421.ece (accessed 15 December 2019).

Phys.org (2018) Robot Teachers invade Chinease Kindergartens

Available at: https://phys.org/news/2018-08-robot-teachers-invade-chinese-kindergartens.htm (accessed 10 November 2019).

The Conversation (2019) Robots Likeky to be used in Class rooms as Learning Tools, Not Teachers

Available at: http://theconversation.com/robots-likely-to-be-used-in-classrooms-as-learning-tools-not-teachers-66681 (accessed 08 September 2019).

Paresh Bheda (2004), “Rapid Prototyping in India – The journey so far”, International Conference & Exhibition on Total Engineering, Analysis & Manufacturing Technologies (TEAMTECH 2004), 2004, pp.58

Additional Files



How to Cite

Karthikeyan Ramiah, & Pandian Pitchipoo. (2020). EVOLUTION OF SMART PEDAGOGIES WITH DIGITAL GADGETS. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 6(3). Retrieved from https://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/1988