• K. Sithardhanan Ph. D Research Scholar, Department of Philosophy, Annamalai University
  • Dr. J. Thirumal Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Annamalai University


Atheist, Social Reformer, Rationalist, Prolific Writer, Socio-Religious, Social evils, Indian society


Periyar was known as the Voltaire of South India he was Atheist, Social Reformer, Rationalist, Prolific Writer, Effective Speaker and an Original Thinker. He worked for downtrodden people. He started self-respect movement, Anti-Hindi agitation. He opposed the caste system of India. Periyar was a crusader for social justice. He was born in a wealthy family on 17th September 1879 at Erode in Tamil Nadu State. His father was Venkatappa (Naicker) a rich popular merchant and his mother was China Thayammal. Social justice is the inseparable component of Indian socio-religious reform movement. It is a revolutionary concept that tried to create an equivalent society for all. Indian religious reform movement began their work under the influence of Christian missioners. Raja Ram Mohan Roy firstly raised the voice against social injustice of Indian society. He raised the issues of Sati (Self-Immolation by a widow) widow remarriage and the Caste system and also tried to uproot these social evils from the Indian society. These evils were worked as a barrier to head the social justice among the Indian society. The influence of Raja Ram Mahon Roy produced many social religious reformers. These reformers also raised the voice against various social evils like caste system, Dowry, Sati, Female Feticide, Girls Education, Child Marriage and lower education quality in India these reformers were joined their hands with British Rulers, to create the Social legislation against these common evils.


I. Chandra, Ramesh. Identity and Genesis of Caste System in India, New Delhi: Gyan Books, 2005.

II. Ghurye, G.S. Caste and Race in India, Mumbai: Popular Prakashan, 1996.

III. Arumugam, Prakash. “Social Reformer: E. V. R. Periyar.” Online. Internet. 28 January 2003. http://www.unigiessen_de/gk1415/periyar.htm.

IV. Veeramani, K (Ed)., Periyar Kalanjiyam (Collection of Periyar’s Writings and Speeches), Caste Untouchability (1), Volume 7, The Periyar Self-respect Propaganda Institution, Chennai, (2004).

V. Veeramani, K., E.V. Ramasamyin Samudaya Ariviyal Paarvai (Tamil version), Dravidar Kalaga Veliyeedu, Chennai, 2001.

VI. Ramanathan, S., “Self-Respect Movement’ in Kuttucci Gurusamy Ninaivu Malar, Madras, 1966, p.39.

VII. Periyar E.V.R’s speech on the occasion of an inter-caste marriage between Pulavar Pughazhendhi and Kamala at Rajeshwari School premises in Mylapore on 21/1/1961, published in Viduthalai daily Newspaper on 1/2/1961., ed., by Dr.K.Veeramani, Pennurimai, op.cit. p.4.

VIII. Gopalakrishnan, M. D. Periyar: Father of the Tamil Race. Madras: Emerald Publishers, 1992.

IX. Dr. Justice P. Venugopal, the five prolonged battle of E.V.R. for an Egalitarian society, Chennai, PSRPI, 2005.

X. N. Ramakrishnan, Periyar Ee. Ve. Ra. Vaazhvum Paniyum,(Life and Services of Periyar E.V.R.).Chennai, South Vision publishers, 1997. P.136.

XI. Periyar E.V.R.’s speech at Chennai Brahmo Samaaj on! 9/10/1929, Published in the Journal Kudiyarasu, 27th October 1929.

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How to Cite

K. Sithardhanan, & Dr. J. Thirumal. (2020). PERIYAR VIEWS ON SOCIAL RELIGIOUS TRANSFORMATION IN FACTION AND SOCIAL JUSTICE MODERN SOCIETY. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 6(1). Retrieved from