• Robert E. Waller Assistant Professor, Counseling, Foundations and Leadership, Columbus State University, Columbus, GA, United States - 31907.
  • Pamela A. Lemoine Assistant Professor, Leadership, Development, and Professional Studies, Troy University, Phenix City, AL, United States - 36869.
  • Michael D. Richardson Professor, Counseling, Foundations and Leadership, Columbus State University, Columbus, GA, United States - 31907.


Technology, global higher education, change, globalization


In the 21st century technology and global higher education must work together to increase society’s future growth and development. The focus of society in the 21st century is knowledge-based: learning is critical, and yet information will continually become obsolete. Society has assumed a global focus, supported by technology that demands quality global higher education institutions produce more at less cost.

Technology implementation has accelerated tremendously during the last decade, particularly changes in the development, access and delivery of learning opportunities.  In the current scenario of globalization and heightened accountability for educational enterprises, global higher education needs technology to provide enlightened, far-sighted and highly qualified persons and systems to handle educational and societal concerns now and in the future.

Higher education is no longer a national concept, but rather a global concept. Globalization has sanctioned competition as a new driving force in higher education that includes competition for students, faculty, research, innovation and especially technology. Current technology clearly provides the means for acquiring greater amounts of information with more efficiency than ever before, but what of the future technology? Technology is transforming global higher education by intensifying the global interconnectedness of people, institutions, learning and society. Technology has now become central to global changes; reshaping social, economic and cultural life. Data and information are more readily available and more quickly accessible today, but that does not mean they are used more efficiently or effectively. The key is the relationship between technology and its application in global higher education systems.


I. Altbach, P. G., Reisberg, L., & Rumbley, L. E. (2019). Trends in global higher education: Tracking an academic revolution. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Publishers.

II. Altbach, P. G., & Reisberg, L. (2018). Global trends and future uncertainties. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 50(3-4), 63-67.

III. Avdeeva, T. I., Kulik, A. D., Kosareva, L. A., Zhilkina, T. A., & Belogurov, A. Y. (2017). Problems and prospects of higher education system development in modern society. European Research Studies Journal, 20(4B), 112-124.

IV. Axtell, S., & Asino, T. I. (2020). Emerging information technology issues in higher education. In E. N. Omwenga (Ed.). IT issues in higher education: Emerging research and opportunities (pp. 1-16). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

V. Bagley, S. S., & Portnoi, L. M. (2014). Setting the stage: Global competition in higher education. New Directions for Higher Education, 2014(168), 5-11.

VI. Bourn, D. (2018). Globalisation, education and skills. In Understanding global skills for 21st Century professions (pp. 17-35). Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.

VII. Bosire, J., & Amimo, C. (2017). Emerging issues and future prospects in the management of transnational education. International Journal of Higher Education, 6(5), 143.

VIII. Dee, J. R. (2016). Universities, teaching and learning. In L. Leisyte & U. Wilkesmann (Eds.). Organizing academic work in higher education: Teaching, learning and identities. New York, NY: Routledge.

IX. Dennis, M. J. (2018). The impact of technology on US and worldwide higher education. Enrollment Management Report, 21(10), 1-3.

X. Englund, C., Olofsson, A. D., & Price, L. (2017). Teaching with technology in higher education: understanding conceptual change and development in practice. Higher Education Research & Development, 36(1), 73-87.

XI. Everhart, D., & Seymour, D. M. (2017). Challenges and opportunities in the currency of higher education. In K. Rasmussen, P. Northrup, & R. Colson (Eds.). Handbook of research on competency-based education in university settings (pp. 41-65). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

XII. Fenwick, T., & Edwards, R. (2016). Exploring the impact of digital technologies on professional responsibilities and education. European Educational Research Journal, 15(1), 117–131.

XIII. Flavin, M. (2016). Technology-enhanced learning and higher education. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 32(4), 632-645.

XIV. Gerstein, M., & Friedman, H. H. (2016). Rethinking higher education: Focusing on skills and competencies. Psychosociological Issues in Human Resource Management, 4(2), 104–121.

XV. Kiriakidis, S., Kefallonitis, E., & Kavoura, A. (2018). The effect of innovative communication technologies in higher education. M. Khosrow-Pour (Ed.). Encyclopedia of information science and technology, Fourth Edition (pp. 3827-3838). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

XVI. Lemoine, P. A., Jenkins, W. M., & Richardson, M. D. (2017). Global higher education: Development and implications. Journal of Education and Development, 1(1), 58-71.

XIX. Lemoine, P. A., & Richardson, M. D. (2019). Creative disruption in higher education: Society, technology, and globalization. In P. Peres, F. Moreira, & A. Mesquita (Eds.). Educational and social dimensions of digital transformation in organizations (pp. 275-293). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

XX. McChrystal, S., Collins, T., Silverman, D., & Fussell, C. (2015). Team of teams: New rules of engagement for a complex world. New York, NY: Penguin Publishing Group.

XXI. McKenna, K. (2018). Technology policies and practices in higher education. In M. Khosrow-Pour (Ed.). Encyclopedia of information science and technology. (4th ed) (pp. 3954-3962). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

XXII. Mense, E. G., Lemoine, P. A., Garretson, C. J., & Richardson, M. D. (2018). The development of global higher education in a world of transformation. Journal of Education and Development, 2(3), 47-60.

XXIII. Moodie, G. (2016). Universities, disruptive technologies, and continuity in higher education: The impact of information revolutions. New York, NY: Springer.

XXIV. Pucciarelli, F., & Kaplan, A. (2016). Competition and strategy in higher education: Managing complexity and uncertainty. Business Horizons, 59(3), 311-320.

XXV. Qureshi, R., & Nair, S. (2015). The role of higher education in emerging knowledge society. Global Journal on Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(1), 543-548.

XXVI. Said, H., Ahmad, I., Mustaffa, M. S., & Ghani, F. A. (2015). Role of campus leadership in managing change and challenges of internationalization of higher education. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(4), 82.

XXVII. Tekleselassie, A. A., Roberts, E. L., & Richardson, M. D. (2014). Technology as educational speculation: Mechanism for a continually shifting world. In S. S. Shepherd, P. A. Lemoine, W. Ennis, III, M. D. Richardson, & J. H. Fulwiler (Eds.). Innovative technology for 21st Century education. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.

XXVIII. Thambusamy, R. X., Singh, P., & Ramly, M. A. (2019). The inconvenient truth about digital transformation in higher education. In Y. Inoue-Smith (Ed). Faculty roles and changing expectations in the new age (pp. 232-247). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

XXIX. Waller, R. E., Lemoine, P. A., Mense, E. G., & Richardson, M. D. (2019). Higher education in search of competitive advantage: globalization, technology and e-learning. International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications, 3(3), 184-190.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Robert E. Waller, Pamela A. Lemoine, & Michael D. Richardson. (2019). TECHNOLOGY OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES IN GLOBAL HIGHER EDUCATION. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 5(9). Retrieved from