• Smriti Singh Ph.D. Research Scholar, Department of Education, Integral University, Lucknow, India


elementary education, universalization of elementary education, various schemes


Education is basic need of each and every child. It is an index of social, individual, economic development and progress of whole country. Elementary Education is the base of education pyramid. At this stage children learn many skill, habit formation, morality,  adjustment with environment, know the world,  culture, develop scientific temperament and logical thinking that will helped in carrier choice and succeed in future life. It is directed in article 45 of Indian Constitution provision of free and compulsory education up to age 14 and after 86th amendment Act 2002 made education a fundamental right for all children. In spite of these efforts universalization of elementary education cannot achieved its goal so Indian government has been started many schemes to hit the target. The current paper  throws the light on various schemes like District Primary Education Program, Operation Blackboard, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, National Elementary Education Mission, Mid Day Meal and Non Formal Education etc.


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How to Cite

Smriti Singh. (2019). UNIVERSALIZATION OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION UNDER DIFFERENT SCHEMES. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 5(5). Retrieved from https://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/1785