• Riza Weganofa Lecturer, English Department,Universitas Kanjuruhan Malang, Malang, Indonesia - 65148.
  • Ayu Liskinasih Lecturer, English Department,Universitas Kanjuruhan Malang, Malang, Indonesia - 65148.
  • Gunadi Harry Sulistyo Professor, Graduate School on Language Teaching, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia – 65145
  • Punadji Setyosari Professor, Graduate School on Educational Technology, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia – 65145


perceived needs, gap, matriculation course, EFL learners


This study aims at investigating the gap between students’ perceived needs and the actual learning experience as a step in course evaluation. It employs a descriptive qualitative design, in which the instruments cover two kinds of questionnaire and an interview. There were 61 freshmen and three lecturers voluntarily join this study. The study suggests that the highest gap score were on vocabulary practices and listening skills. On the other hand, all productive skills got the lowest gap score. Thus, it is a need to carefully design reading materials to accommodate students’ needs on learning vocabulary by arranging them based on certain topics and repeat the specific words in several texts. Meanwhile, it is also suggested to develop a module on listening as a supplementary exercise. 


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How to Cite

Riza Weganofa, Ayu Liskinasih, Gunadi Harry Sulistyo, & Punadji Setyosari. (2019). BRIDGING THE EXPECTATION AND THE ACTUAL LEARNING PROCESS . International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 5(1). Retrieved from