• Dr. Christopher Nnanna Ominyi Department of Educational Foundations, Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo, Nigeria.


Constructivism, Pedagogy, Economy, Recession


Educational traditionalism with its emphasis  on rote learning, memorization of facts, accumulation of subject matter, etc, and its pedagogical strategy that demands learners to sit down and listen attentively during delivery of instructions is to blame for production of graduates who are serially unemployed in Nigeria.  In constructivist model, learners are actively involved in the learning process and lessons are adequately presented in democratic, interactive, collaborative environments enabling learners to be creative and constructive. This makes it possible for learners to apply what they have learnt to their future daily lives. In the end individuals become self-reliant and poised to eke out their living independent of government paid jobs. This goes a long way to boost the nation’s economy since rate of production would be high. This paper is of the opinion that economic recession could be mitigated in Nigeria if teaching methods are consistent with constructivist model.


I. ADB, (2009). Education and Skill: Strategies for Accelerated Development in Asia and the Pacific. Manila: Philippines.

II. Adebayo, A. (1990). The Lessons of Experience of 1980. Chap. II of Structural Adjustment for Socio-Economic Recovery or Transformation, ECA.

III. Cooper, P.A. (1993). Paradigm Shifts in Designed Instruction: From Behaviourism to Cognitivism to Constructivism. Educational Technology 33 (5) 12-15.

IV. Ertmer, P.A. & Newby, T.J. (1993). Behaviourism, Cognitivism, Constructivism: Comparing Critical Features from an Instructional /design Perspectives. Performance Improvement Quarterly, 6(4), 50-72.

V. Ezeani, E. (2013). A Philosophy of Education for African Nations. London: Veritas Luman Publishers.

VI. Fabunmi, M. (2006). Planning Education for Development in a Global Context. International Journal of Africa and Africa America Studies, 8(4), 653-664.

VII. Federal Republic of Nigeria (2014). National Policy on Education. Abuja: Federal Government Press.

VIII. Komolafe, K. (2008). Nigeria: Global Economic Crises-Beyond Immunity Claims. This Day 10 December, p.5.

IX. Kraus, B. (2015). The Life We Live and the Life We Experience: Introducing the Epistemological Differences between “Life Condition” (Lebenslage) Social Work and Society. International Online Journal, 13(2), 29-35.

X. Leask, M.B., Younie, S. (2000). Communal Constructivist Theory: Pedagogy of Information and Communications, Technology and Internationalize turof the Curriculum. Journal of Information Technology for Teacher Education, 10(1&2), 117-137.

XI. McKinney, P. (2017). Introduction to Macroeconomics: Help and Review Retrieved at: is economic recession-definition-causes-efects,htnl.August.18th.

XII. Njoko, J.E. (2016). Economic Recession in Nigeria: Causes and Solution. Retrieved from:

XIII. Newman, P., Griffin, P. & Cole, M. (1991). The Construction Zone: Working for Cognitive Change in School. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

XIV. Obanya, P. (2004). Dilemma of Education in Africa. Ibadan: Heinemann Educational Books (Nigeria) PLC.

XV. Odoemenam, I.R. & Ominyi, C.N. (2014). Introduction to Child Friendly School: Theory and Practice. Abakaliki: Good Tidings Publishing Company.

XVI. Obetta, K. (2008). Assessment of the Lifelong Education Implementation in Enugu State. In: B.G. Nwogu (Ed.). Education in the Information Age: Global Challenges and Enhancement Strategies. Proceeding of First International Conference of the Faculty of Education, University of Nigeria Nsukka.

XVII. Palmer, J. (1997). Consideration of a Counselling Pedagogy. Wilmette: Loyola University, Chicago.

XVIII. Piaget, J. (1950). The Psychology of Intelligence. New York: Routledge.

XIX. Richard, K. (2009). The Holy Grant of Macroeconomics – Lessons from Japan’s Great Recession. PTE Ltd: John Willey & Sons.

XX. Shulman, L. (1987). Knowledge and Teaching: Foundations of New Reform. Harvard Educational Review; 15(2), 4-14.

XXI. Smith, H.& Smith,M. (2008). The Art of Helping Others: Being Around, Being There, Being Wise. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

XXII. Stumpf, E.S. (2000). Philosophy: History & Problems. New York: McGraw Hill.

XXIII. UNICEF (2000). Defining Quality in Education. Paper presented by UNICEF at the meeting of the International Working Group on Education, Flourence, Italy, June.

XXIV. Vygostsky, L.S (1978). Mind in Society. The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Dr. Christopher Nnanna Ominyi. (2017). MITIGATING ECONOMIC RECESSION IN NIGERIA THROUGH CONSTRUCTIVIST PEDAGOGY. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 3(9). Retrieved from