PEOPLES’ RIGHT TO POLLUTION FREE AIR IN INDIA
Exercise and enjoyment of freedoms help us to develop our intrinsic qualities, intelligence, talents and conscience to meet our material and spiritual needs. It is needless to state that without the recognition of the right to health, education, realization of the right to development of every human being and nation is not possible. Natural resources such as air, water, and land are fundamental to all life forms: they are, much more than money and economic infrastructure, the base of our survival. The unpolluted, pure air is a source of good health, happiness and long life. Air pollution is one such form that refers to the contamination of the air, irrespective of indoors or outside. Air pollution started to become a problem for human beings with the industrial revolution. Too much air pollution can make anyone's life a living hell. Some air pollutants are also passive in their toxicity but their actions result in environmental changes by affecting the atmosphere, causing temperature rise, penetrating ultra-violet rays into the lower levels of stratosphere and depleting of the ozone layer. Industries are responsible to a great extent for the drastic atmospheric changes induced by pollutants like carbons, halons and nitrous oxide let into the air. Depletion of ozone, the gas that absorbs much of the ultraviolet radiation from the sun adversely affects not only human beings, but also animals and plants. Increased penetration of solar UV-B radiation is likely to have a profound impact on human health with potential risks of eye diseases, skin cancer and infectious diseases. Noise is also a form of air pollution.Noise pollution refers to the disturbing sound that means an excessive, offensive, persistent,may cause harm to human and animal life. Constant exposure to noise can make one deaf.  Noise is a type of atmospheric pollution and it is one of the undesirable consequences of technological civilization. Environmental noise reaches the listener's ears as waves in the air. The air around us is filled with noise. It has penetrated almost every aspect of modern life.Noise tends to be unpleasant and irritating to the ear. The new data indicate that noise pollution is causing more deaths from heart disease than was previously thought. “Noise pollution contributes not only to cardiovascular disease, but also to hearing loss, sleep disruption, social handicaps, diminished productivity, impaired teaching and learning, absenteeism, increased drug use, and accidents,” Noise exposure during sleep may increase blood pressure, heart rate and finger pulse amplitude as well as body movements. Hence, exposure to noise has been observed to have deleterious impact on the health status of individuals working within the ravaging environment. The transport sector is the emitter of carbon monoxide (CO) nitrogen oxide ( Nox) and hydrocarbons (HC) into the air. Unplanned urbanization and congestions of traffic result in a high degree of emission of smoke from vehicles which present serious environmental problems of air pollution. The higher level of sulphur in fuel (kerosene) can deactivate catalyst. Ones catalyst becomes deactivated the amount of pollution from the vehicles dramatically increases. The concentration of exhaust gases of the transport systems involves the case of carcinogenic deceases.Benzene exerts its effect by damaging the genetic materials of the cells. The right to clean air is an important aspect of right to a healthy environment. Violation, therefore, of the right to healthy environment is potentially a violation of the basic right to life.
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