Constructivism, Teaching, Learning


Education is considered as a third eye of man and is a vast and dynamic process which keeps on changing according to situation , timing, place and conditions. It keeps on moving life long and making the journey of education more comprehensive for learners . Overs the years there are many approaches to teaching and learning but the current focus is on constructivist approach to teaching and learning which is gaining a lot of attention in education system now a days .Time has come to effectively explore our educational system and examine the core unit of the whole enterprise , the textbook, the classroom , a setting that is often dominated by teacher talk and student listens. So, for fulfilling the aim of child-centered education , constructivism works efficiently for achieving this aim at hand.

“Constructivism is the view that emphasis the active role of the learner in building understanding and making sense of information”

The most amazing contribution of constuctivism is a focus on student-centered learning. A teaching and learning environment dominated by the constructivist approach is different from a teaching and learning environment dominated by the traditional approach. Constuctivism  has emerged as one of the greatest influences on the practice of education in the last twenty-five years. The present paper is a conceptual paper focusing on the need and importance of contructivist approach in teaching and learning ,which provides sufficient light on the learning design required for successful implementation of constructivism in teaching-learning process.


I. Ayaz,M.F & Sekerci,H(2015), The effects of constructivist learning approach on student’s achievement: A meta analysis study, The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, Oct.2015; Vol.14,Issue4.

II. Bereiter,C. (1994). Constructivism , socioculturalism, and popper’s World 3. Educational Research ,23(7),21-23.

III. Brooks,J.,& Brooks ,M. (1993). The case for the constructivist classrooms. Alexandria, Va: ASCD.

IV. Cunningham, D., & Duffy,T. (1996). Constructivism : Implications for the design and the delivery of instruction . Handbook of research for educational communications and technology,170-198.

V. Mangal,S.K., & Mangal, Uma. (2010);Learner, Learning & Cognition; Ludhiana: Tandon

VI. Jones, M.G., & Brader-Araje, Laura (2002). Impact of constructivism on Education: Language, Discourse and meaning , American Communication Journal , Vol.5, Issue 3.

VII. Maypole, J., & Davies, T.G.(2001). Student’s perceptions of constructivist learning in a community college American history 11 survey course. Community College Review, 29(2),54-79.

VIII. Naylor, S.& Keogh ,B. (1999) . Constructivism in classroom : Theory into practice . Journal of Science Teacher Education , 10,93-103.

IX. Piaget, J.(1967). Biologie et Connaissance (Biology and knowledge), Paris, Gallimard.

X. Rice, M.L., & Wilson , E.K. (1999). How technology aids constructivism in the social studies classroom. The Social Studies , 90(1), 28-33.

XI. Sharma, Asha & Bansal, Tulika.(2010), Learner, Learning and Cognition; Ludhiana: Vijaya Publications.

XII. Tam, M.(2000). Constructivism, Instructional design and technology : Implications for Transforming Distance Learning. Educational Technology and Society , 3(2).

XIII. Taylor, P.C., Fraser, B. J., & Fisher, D. L.(1997). Monitoring constructivist classroom learning environments. Inrtnational Journal of Educational Research , 27(4), 293-302.

XIV. Tenenbaum, G.,Naidu, S.,Jeged ,O., & Austin, J.(2001). Constructivist Pedagogy in Conventional on – Campus and distance learning practice: An Exploratory Investigation. Learning and instruction , 11(2), 87-111.

XV. Von Glasersfeld ,E. (1995).Radical constructivism: A way of knowing and learning. Washington , DC: Falmer .

XVI. Vygotsky, L.S.(1978). Tool and symbol in child development . In M. Cole , V. John- Steiner, S. Scribner, & E. Souberman (Eds.) .Mind in Society : The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge. Mass : Havard University Press .

XVII. Woolfolk ; Anita , Educational Psychology (ninth edition ), First Indian Reprint, Newyork’s Pearson, 2004.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Ms. Bhawna Phogat. (2017). CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACH: A NEW WAY OF LEARNING. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 3(6). Retrieved from