• Devananda Beura P.G. Department of Geology, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar-4


Urbanisation, Water bodies, Population growth, Management


Urbanisation is considered as one of the indicators of development in modern world. The process of spreading of the urban bodies in space and time is called as urbanisation. The infrastructural elements including roads, buildings, market places, malls, parks, stadium, educational institutes, hospitals, small scale industrial hubs, entertainment and amusement places etc. are the key associates of urban bodies. The living style and facilities are certainly far better than that of the rural areas. That is why the urbanisation is getting triggered off by the surrounding immigrants. The urban population growth primarily by this means helps in spreading out the urban nucleus at the fastest rate. The accelerated expansion shares the existing demand of basic amenities for which they are becoming scarce day by day. All the big cities along with lower tire towns suffer from the basic resource crunch like water and electricity etc. Water crisis has emerged as a paramount problem in urban areas worldwide. It is a universal observation that all the urban expansions have engulfed almost all the water bodies in their territories and in the peripheral regions. Water bodies are missing at the cost of urban infrastructural development. Depletion of surface water bodies has put lot of adverse impact on the water supply, groundwater development and local climate. Having said that the present trend of urbanisation cannot be abruptly stopped, it is highly required to structure and implement the effective management principles to protect and promote the water bodies in urban localities.


Cieslewicz, D. J. (2002). The environmental impacts of sprawl. In G. D. Squires (Ed.), Urban sprawl: Causes, consequences & policy responses (pp. 23-38). Washington, D.C.: The 48 Urban Institute Press. Retrieved from

Detwyler, T.R. and M.G. Marcus (1972) Urbanisation and Environment: The Physical Geography of the City. California: Duxbury Press.

Prasad, P.R. C., Rajan, K. S., Bhole, Vijaya and Dutt C.B.S. (2009) Is Rapid Urbanization Leading to Loss of Water Bodies? Journal of Spatial Science (March 2009) Vol II (2), pp. 43-52.

Ramachandraiah, C. and Sheela Prasad, (2004). Impact of Urban Growth on Water Bodies: The Case of Hyderabad, 2004, CESS Working Paper No. 60, September, CESS, Hyderabad.

Rathnayaka, K., Malano, H. and Arora, M. (2016) Assessment of Sustainability of Urban Water Supply and Demand Management Options: A Comprehensive Approach, Water, 8, 595.

Sahasrabuddhe,K., Mahabaleshwarkar, M., Joshi, J., Kanade, R, Goturkar,S. and Oswal, P. (2003) Changing Status Of Urban Water Bodies and Associated Health Concerns In Pune, India, in Martin J. Bunch, V. Madha Suresh and T. Vasantha Kumaran, eds,Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Environment and Health, Chennai, India, 15-17 December, 2003. Chennai: Department of Geography, University of Madras and Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, pp.339 – 345.

Shen, Y., Tang, C., Xiao, J., Oki, T. and Kanae, S. (2005) Effects of urbanization on water resource development and its problems in Shijiazhuang, China, Sustainable Water Management Solutions for Large Cities (Proceedings of symposium S2 held during the Seventh IAHS Scientific Assembly at Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, April 2005). IAHS Publ. 293.

Shuqing Zhao, Liangjun Da, Zhiyao Tang, Hejun Fang, Kun Song, and Jingyun Fang1 (2006) Ecological consequences of rapid urban expansion: Shanghai, China. Front Ecol Environ, 4(7), pp. 341–346.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Devananda Beura. (2017). DEPLETION OF WATER BODIES DUE TO URBANISATION AND ITS MANAGEMENT. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 3(6). Retrieved from