STATUS OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE (CKD) IN INDIA – A NARRATIVE REVIEW
Keywords:Chronic Kidney Disease, Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus, estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate
Background: Non communicable diseases are increasing day by day. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is one of the major causes of death in India. Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus are the common causes of CKD.
Objective: The objective of this narrative review was to find the status of CKD in India
Method: A through literature search was conducted using various titles and reports on peer reviewed medical indexed journals. The search was carried out using data bases MEDLINE and CINAHL. The review included nine relevant survey studies out of 432 hits.
Results: Out of nine reviewed studies, two studies showed significant correlation between CKD and age, Diabetes Mellitus, hypertension, serum creatinine. One study showed 23.5% of hypertensive subjects were having CKD stage III. Study done in Bhopal showed average crude and age adjusted incidence rates were 151 and 232 per million populations respectively. The study done in Delhi showed the prevalence of CKD is 0.785% or 7852/million adult population
Conclusion: The prevalence of CKD is increasing in India and studies done in India shows diabetes and hypertensions are the commonest causes of CKD.
Identification of CKD in early stages is important to delay the progression of the disease which intern decreases the economic burden on individual, family and community. More such studies are required to sensitize the people about the functioning of kidney.
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