SIGNIFICANT ROLE OF LANDSCAPE PAINTING INRAJASTHANI MINIATURE PAINTING

Dr. Rimpy Agarwal

Abstract


Rajasthani art has been an integral part of Indian miniature painting on which foreign art could never cast its shadow. This pure native form of art is based upon vibrant Indian poetic version and literature. It is an aesthetic portrayal more of notation rather than of realism. The prime themes of these paintings have been Baramasa, Ragamala series and legend of Radha-Krishna. The landscape delineation has been of prime importance along with the portrayal of hero and heroine. Baramasa (different seasons in twelfth months) is a delineation of diverse seasons chiefly based on landscape. The artist has aesthetically delineated sentiments of lovers by fusing them with natural beauty of every month. Similarly paintings based on Ragamala (garland of melodies) and other vernacular themes, landscape has converted a poetic environment into a dynamic one. Ragamala is a visual ocular denotation of Indian classical modes which were initially proffered by the poets and musicians in celestial and human form. This is their splendid discernment which inspired the artisans to delineate such beautiful motifs in their paintings with stunning landscapes. Besides this, landscape has exhibited the topographical rank. The vegetation of every place has its own distinctive qualities owing to different geographical situations. The artists have represented vegetation as per the ecological impact of area. This specific depiction of vegetation by the painter in these paintings is the forte of these paintings. It is only in Indian art where painting music and poetry have been proffered in such a composite and unmitigated way that it becomes a fabulous presentation of Indian painting.


Keywords


Rajasthani art, Landscape painting, Baramasa themes, Ragamala Themes, Hindu Literature.

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