International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) <p>International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) accepts research works from scholars, academicians, professors, doctorates, lecturers, and corporate in their respective expertise of studies. IERJ is Peer-Reviewed Journal which is Equivalent to UGC Approved Journals</p> en-US [email protected] (Dr. R. Joshi) [email protected] (Dr. R. Joshi) Wed, 15 May 2024 04:51:41 +0000 OJS 60 A SPIRITUAL STUDY OF SHREE KRISHNA'S RAASALEELAA (AMOROUS PLAY) ACCORDING TO THE SHREEMADBHAAGAVATA MAHAAPURAANA <p>The playful and amorous love of the Lord Shree Krishna is described in the five sub- chapters between the 29th and the 33rd in the 10th chapter of the Shreemadbhaagavata Mahaapuraana composed by the great poet Vedavyasa. The purposes of this devine play, the adventures of the Gopis to the Raasamandala (the platform for the amoral play) from their houses, the conversation between Krishna and the Gopis, the reply of the Gopis, the dance performed by Krishna with the Gopis, the disappearance of Krishna, the pathos of Gopis due to the disappearance of Krishna, His reappearance and pacifying&nbsp; the Gopis, the question of the angry Gopis and Krishna's answer, appeasement and satisfaction of the Gopis, Mahaaraasa (the great play), the return of the Gopis to their houses etc. have been presented in this article according to the different types of sentiments and emotions.</p> Dr. Shreebas Debnath Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 CHILD MARRIAGE IN INDIA: A SERIOUS VIOLATION OF CHILD HUMAN RIGHTS <p>Child marriage has been practiced in India and other countries since ancient times. Before the physical and mental maturity of the children they get married, without their consent which is not only harmful for their overall development but also is harmful for the development of the country at large. Child marriage is a heinous and serious violation of Child Human Rights and is a punishable offence. Still this social evil is practiced in several parts of India and the entire world. Indian Government is striving hard to eradicate this evil, which is a serious factor for degradation of the society. The future generation gets adversely affected by this evil. Several steps have been taken by the government of India to stop this evil. This paper discusses child marriage in details- the reason behind, the consequences and the probable solutions that will help India to fight against this social evil and stop child marriage. This paper specially emphasised the ill effects of child marriage on girls, who are more effected by this evil and which can even be life threatening for them.</p> Dr. Jayashree Mukherjee Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 STEM LEARNING ENVIRONMENT: A INNOVATIVE TEACHING METHOD <p>Inclusive practices are fundamental to STEM learning environments, ensuring that all students have equitable access to opportunities and resources. Teachers employ differentiated instruction, provide support for diverse learning needs, and create a culture of respect and acceptance. By embracing diversity and inclusivity, STEM learning environments foster a sense of belonging and empower all students to succeed. Teacher facilitation and mentorship are essential components of STEM learning environments. Teachers guide students through the learning process, inspire curiosity and enthusiasm for STEM subjects, and provide support and encouragement as students explore and discover. As facilitators and mentors, teachers model lifelong learning, collaboration, and ethical practices, preparing students to become engaged citizens and leaders in STEM fields and beyond.</p> Md Mujahid Alom, Ritesh Ranjan Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 NOAM CHOMSKY’S TRANSFORMATIONAL GENERATIVE GRAMMAR FOR BEGINNERS <p><strong>NOAM CHOMSKY’S TRANSFORMATIONAL GENERATIVE GRAMMAR FOR BEGINNERS</strong></p> Dr. Joy Jacob Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 A STUDY ON SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS OF MALE ATHLETES AND BASKETBALL PLAYERS OF AMRAVATI UNIVERSITY <p>The study was conducted to investigate the socioeconomic status of junior athletes and basketball players of SGB Amravati University.</p> <p>For the present study, 100 athletes and 100 basketball players were selected who participated at intercollegiate tournament. The socio economic status questionnaire prepared and validated by Kuppuswany was used for the purpose of data collection to find out the significant effect of socio economic status of athletes and basketball players. Mean, standard deviation, t-value and co-relation were computed. Result of the study positively co0relate and it clearly indicate that the parents of basketball players are partially positioned in their respective education when compared with the parents of athletes.</p> Dr. Umesh Rathi Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 INTEGRATED PIEZOELECTRIC ENERGY HARVESTING: AUTOMATING TOLL COLLECTION AND HIGHWAY STREET LIGHTS <p>This research paper presents a comprehensive study on the integration of piezoelectric energy harvesting technology for the dual purpose of automatic toll collection and highway street lighting. The project proposes a novel system architecture that leverages the piezoelectric effect to convert mechanical stress from passing vehicles into electrical energy, thereby powering both toll collection mechanisms and street lights. The system incorporates RFID technology for seamless vehicle identification and toll deduction, along with an intelligent control system for efficient energy management. The paper discusses the design, implementation, advantages, challenges, and considerations of the proposed system, highlighting its potential for sustainable infrastructure development and energy efficiency.</p> Mrs. Spoorthy M. R., Shraddha M. P., Suchitra H. R., Vimala C. J., Zuha Rabiya Khan Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 INTEGRATING CARE: ENHANCING MENTAL WELL-BEING IN PEDIATRIC ONCOLOGY THROUGH TECHNOLOGY AND YOUTH ENGAGEMENT <p>This paper explores the mental health challenges faced by pediatric oncology patients, arising from both the biological effects of cancer and the psychological stresses of treatment. It evaluates the effectiveness of existing therapeutic interventions like Clown Care and laughter yoga, and assesses the potential of advanced technology-based interventions and integrated care models. The paper also discusses the role of high school students in advancing research and supporting these interventions through volunteering. The goal is to illustrate how technological innovations alongside youth involvement can contribute to the mental well-being of pediatric oncology patients.</p> Syesha Vaish, Dr. Abhay Gupta Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 REGENERATIVE BRAKING WITH POWER MONITORING IN ELECTRIC VEHICLES <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-weight: normal;">The duration of battery charging and the scarcity of charging stations are the main obstacles to the widespread usage of electric vehicles. We thus suggest a regenerative breaking system here. Every time the brakes are applied, a car might produce energy thanks to this mechanism. More power is produced with stronger brakes. In a braking drum, we employ a friction lining arrangement. The friction liner on a rotating drum does not wear down the drum. When the brakes are applied, the friction lining within the drum touches it, moving the motors attached to it in the same direction. This process uses the motors as a dynamo to produce electricity. This method so provides a regenerative braking system by enabling the automobile battery to be charged each time the brakes are used. It affects us both in different ways. </span></p> Anitha C, Bhargavi S, Chinmaye C G, Madhavi S Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY IS ALSO FAILED TO EXPLAIN NULL RESULT OF MICHELSON AND MORLEY EXPERIMENT <p>Michelson and Morley conducted an experiment in the year 1887 to measure the speed of earth in luminiferous aether.&nbsp; In this experiment Michelson’s interferometer was used in which two waves are superimposed to generate interference fringes. Keeping in view known velocity of earth around the sun a fringe shift of 0.44 fringe was expected on the rotation of interferometer at an angle of 90<sup>0</sup>, but surprisingly no fringe shift was observed. The experiment was conducted so many times and at so many places but always null results were obtained. The null result of MMX could not be explained by classical mechanics. A number of explanations for null results were submitted but no one was found to be correct. George Fitzerald and Hendrick Lorentz proposed length contraction hypothesis in the direction of motion of earth, but it was also rejected being an adhoc hypothesis. Albert Einstein submitted his famous theory “The special theory of relativity” in the year 1905. The second postulate of the STR states that speed of light is constant in all directions of inertial frames of reference irrespective of motion of source of light or the observer and states that no luminiferous aether exist as a medium, light waves do not require any medium to propagate. As light travels with constant velocity in both the arms of interferometer irrespective of motion of interferometer and there involves no time difference between the two rays hence null results of MMX were explained by special theory of relativity.</p> <p>Michelson and Morley experiment is based on the wave nature of light. In such experiments wavefront of light plays very important role but behaviour of wavefront of light was not taken into consideration while deriving the time taken by the light rays in the arms of interferometer due to motion of earth resulting into wrong derivation of time. The present article describes the principle and realization of role of wavefront of light in MMX. The time taken by light rays in the arms of the interferometer due to motion of earth depends upon the behaviour of wavefront of light. It has been established by results of Fizeau experiment and steller aberration of light that speed of light is not effected by velocity of moving medium. The derivation of time has been worked out keeping in view constancy of speed of light, wavefront of light and laws of reflection of light according to Huygen’s principle.</p> <p>Contrary to earlier beliefs the Lorentz length contraction hypothesis is not able to explain the null results of MMX. In the light of new facts it is established that there is no difference between theorectical results derived by classical mechanics and special theory of relativity. Special theory of relativity is also failed to explain the null result of MMX.</p> <p>The null result of Michelson and Morley experiment has again become a perplexing question for physicists.</p> Dharam Vir Singh Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYSIS USING ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES TO MINE LUNG CANCER DATA FOR THE PURPOSE OF INCREASING OR DECREASING THE DISEASE PREDICTION VALUE <p>The leading cause of death for both men and women is cancer. The unchecked proliferation of aberrant cells that begin in one or both lung most often in the cell lining the air passageways. Small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer are the two primary forms. Non smokers Get Lung Cancer at a Rate of 10–15%. Smokers Make Up 50% of the Case. The longer someone smokes and the more cigarettes they smoke, the higher their risk of developing lung cancer. Lung cancer has become more common. Age, sex, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest pain are among the symptoms that can indicate a patient's likelihood of developing lung cancer. Data mining algorithms, such as classification, decision tables, naïve-based, ant colony optimization, lung cancer prediction, and data mining techniques, are used to detect lung cancer disease in its early stages. According to this paper, early detection of lung cancer can completely cure the disease and help doctors save patients' lives. Ant colony optimization data mining techniques are useful for improving or decreasing the disease prediction value of lung cancer data.</p> K. Gokul, Dr. R. Sankarasubramanian Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 IMPACTS OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZER ON AGRICULTURAL SOIL OF DIGRAS REGION, YAVATMAL DISTRICT, MAHARASHTRA (INDIA): A CASE STUDY <p>The utilization of chemical fertilizers in agricultural practices has been a subject of growing concern due to its potential adverse effects on soil health and long-term sustainability. This study investigates the impacts of chemical fertilizers on agricultural soil in the Digras region of Yavatmal district, Maharashtra, India. Employing a case study approach, we assessed various parameters including soil pH, EC, OC, Nitrogen, Potassium, Phosphorous, Sulphur, Zink, Boron, Iron, Manganese and Copper content. The study area was divided into five sampling stations to cover the most farms of Digras tehsil comprehensively in the November 2023.</p> Bhokare P. R., Wankhade R. R. Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 AN IMPACT STUDY OF SOCIAL MEDIA MARKETING ON CONSUMER BEHAVIOR IN AJMER <p>In recent years, the proliferation of social media platforms has revolutionized marketing strategies, offering businesses unprecedented opportunities to engage with consumers. This study aims to investigate the impact of social media marketing on consumer behavior in Ajmer, a culturally rich city in India. Through a mixed-methods approach, combining qualitative interviews and quantitative surveys, this research explores how social media marketing practices employed by businesses in Ajmer influence consumer perceptions, attitudes, and purchasing decisions. A structured survey was conducted among a diverse sample of consumers in Ajmer to quantify the extent to which social media marketing influences their purchasing behavior across various product categories. Key variables such as demographic factors such as age, gender, and socioeconomic status will be examined to understand how they moderate the relationship between social media marketing and consumer behavior.</p> <p>The findings of this study are expected to provide valuable insights for businesses in Ajmer and beyond, enabling them to optimize their social media marketing strategies to effectively target and engage consumers. Furthermore, the research contributes to the existing body of knowledge on the evolving dynamics between social media marketing and consumer behavior in the context of a culturally distinct city like Ajmer.</p> Marcel Chaudhary, Dr. Varsha Maheshwari, Ms. Yuvnika Sogani Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 STRATEGIC ISOLATION AND SCREENING OF LACCASE-PRODUCING MICROBES IN SOLID-STATE AND SUBMERGED FERMENTATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DYE DECOLORIZATION <p style="text-align: justify;">Laccase, a polyphenol oxidase enzyme, is prominent for its catalytic potential in oxidizing various aromatic compounds, including the complete decomposition of wood elements. This enzyme is naturally prevalent among plants, insects, microbes, and fungi and is essential for several biotechnological applications due to its high redox potential, notably in dye degradation, wastewater treatment, and soil detoxification. Our study focused on isolating, screening, and increasing laccase production from specifically chosen bacterial and fungal sources. We identified nine bacterial and three fungal strains from various polluted sites and natural environments. These strains were cultivated, with laccase activity measured through ABTS assays for bacteria and GUAIACOL assays for fungi, leading to important findings on enzyme activities. The laccase was further refined using a nutrient medium with added tannic acid and partially purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation. This purified form displayed the capability to decolorize Azo dyes efficiently. Lastly, we evaluated the efficacy of laccase in breaking down dyes and their future use in the decolorization of parchment paper, indicating a promising field of application for this microbial synthesized laccase enzyme.</p> Dhruti Desai, Bhoomi Bhanushali Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 APPLICATION OF GEOGEBRA IN TEACHING CLOSURE POINTS IN METRIC SPACES <p>Educational software has revolutionized teaching and research methodologies across various levels of education. Whether it's creating interactive worksheets, developing simulations, conducting data analysis, or facilitating collaborative projects, software tools have become integral to modern teaching and research practices. GeoGebra has emerged as one such significant tool, particularly in the fields of mathematics and science. In this paper, we will see the application of GeoGebra to teach basic concepts of closure points in metric spaces.</p> Umalaxmi Patne Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 UNVEILING THE DEPTHS OF ORGANIZATIONAL RESILIENCE: A CONCEPTUAL EXPLORATION OF THE DUCHEK MODEL <p>Organizational resilience has emerged as a critical area of interest, especially in the face of increasing global uncertainties and complex challenges that businesses encounter. Duchek's model offers a comprehensive perspective, emphasizing anticipation, adaptability, learning, leadership, networking, resource management, and communication as pivotal elements that contribute to an organization's ability to withstand, adapt, and thrive amidst adversity. This paper aims to explore and expand upon these core components, offering a deeper understanding of their interrelations and impact on resilience. Through meticulously examining existing literature and integrating theoretical insights, the paper highlights the model's strengths in fostering a proactive and holistic approach to resilience. By proposing a refined conceptualization of organizational resilience that incorporates these insights, the paper contributes to both academic discourse and practical applications. It also suggests directions for future research and aspires to enrich the understanding of organizational resilience, offering pathways for organizations to navigate and flourish in an ever-evolving business landscape Exploring how Duchek's model applies across different cultural and organizational contexts can provide insights into the universality and adaptability of the model's principle. Developing and validating quantitative metrics and indicators for organizational resilience based on Duchek's model can enhance the ability to measure and benchmark resilience.</p> Unnikrishnan C., Dr. Mohanadasan T. Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 DEEP LEARNING APPROACHES FOR MULTI-CLASS DISEASE DETECTION AND CLASSIFICATION IN RETINAL IMAGES <p>Many techniques are designed to increase accuracy diagnoses of diseases in retinal images such as hypertensive retinopathy. Convolutional neural networks (CNN) have been employed in various techniques to segment blood vessels in retinal images. These techniques sometimes fail to effectively segment the blood vessels &nbsp;of retina of eye and produce extra noise and we have with this drawback, we present a technique to detect blood vessels in retina of eye images using thousands of blocks (patches) from each of the image. This technique is on a CNN where it contains four convolutional layers followed by relu, max pooling four layers, two layers are fully connected and one layer is the softmax &nbsp;for segmenting blood vessels.&nbsp;</p> Dr. Mahesh Kaluti, Aishwarya M Y, Punya R, Sathvik C N, Chandan K R Copyright (c) 2024 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000