International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) <p>International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) accepts research works from scholars, academicians, professors, doctorates, lecturers, and corporate in their respective expertise of studies. IERJ is Peer-Reviewed Journal which is Equivalent to UGC Approved Journals</p> en-US International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2454-9916 EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION ON HUMAN HEALTH <p>Environmental pollution arises in various forms, such as like air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, etc... Air pollution may be defined as the presence of one or more contaminants like dust, mist, smoke and colour in the atmosphere that are injurious to human beings, plants and animals. There are many substances in the air which may spoil health of Humans, plants, animals and reduce visibility (lifetime). These arise both from natural processes and human activity. Substances not naturally found in the air or at greater concentrations are in different locations from usual are referred to as 'pollutants'. &nbsp;The effect of air pollution includes breathing (respiratory system) problems, aggravation of existing respiratory and cardiovascular disease, and alteration in body defence systems against foreign materials, damage to lung tissue, carcinogenesis and premature death. A report from World Health Organization stats that 4.6 million people died every year due to direct Causes attributable to air pollution. Direct causes of air pollution related deaths include aggravated asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, lung and heart diseases, and respiratory allergies including STRESS. “</p> Dr. Manas Anand Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 PORTRAYAL OF WOMEN IN INDIAN TV ADVERTISEMENTS <p>India is a Development Country. There are many changes comes in the last few decades like economic, regulatory, political and cultural. Due to changes in social system our lifestyle and mind set is changing. One of the major changes is the changing social status of women. The increasing female literacy rate has resulted in increased participation of women in workforce.&nbsp;This article examines&nbsp;changes in the&nbsp;portrayal&nbsp;of women in&nbsp;advertising&nbsp;with&nbsp;a particular&nbsp;focus on television&nbsp;advertising. India is a&nbsp;country of development.&nbsp;There&nbsp;have been&nbsp;many changes&nbsp;over&nbsp;the&nbsp;past&nbsp;few&nbsp;decades, including economics, regulations, politics,&nbsp;and&nbsp;culture. Along with&nbsp;changes in social&nbsp;systems,&nbsp;our&nbsp;way of life&nbsp;and&nbsp;worldview are&nbsp;changing. One of the&nbsp;main&nbsp;changes is the&nbsp;change in women's&nbsp;social&nbsp;status. Increasing women's&nbsp;literacy&nbsp;rates have increased women's participation&nbsp;in&nbsp;the labor market. This article examines changes in the portrayal&nbsp;of women in&nbsp;advertising&nbsp;with&nbsp;a particular&nbsp;focus on television&nbsp;advertising.</p> Pooja Yadav Ms. Julia Oinam Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 COVID-19 AWARENESS ASSESSMENT: A SURVEY STUDY IN INDIAN CONTEXT <p>COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease-2019) has spread globally now and has become life threatening pandemic disease. The W.H.O. (World Health Organization) declared as a public health emergency of international concern. So, it is necessary to organize a awareness program to cope-up with this disease. The Purpose of this present survey study was to assess the awareness level of the Indian people regarding COVID-19. This survey study was conducted from 22<sup>nd</sup> July to 31<sup>st</sup> July, 2020 among 585 individuals of all India level to assess the awareness level regarding COVID-19 and step to be taken for its prevention. The conclusion of this survey study was very satisfactory. The awareness level is very high among the educated people, who were actively participated in this survey study and those people who are not aware, it is necessary to sensitize them by organizing different types of awareness program. This survey would help the health care professional to create regarding the effect of this Corona virus on different of age group and social group to help prevent carelessness amongst Indian people.</p> Dr. Vikash Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 ECONOMICAL BIOPROCESS DEVELOPMENT TO ENHANCE THE ALKALINE PROTEASE ENZYME PRODUCTION BY USING PENCILIUM OXALICUM KRSS-S-FP10 WITH STATISTICAL TOOLS <p>Alkaline protease producing microorganism’s isolated total of 74 and 69 fungi from beach soils and black soils respectively were 10 from Kakinada beach soil and 9 from Vishakhapatnam beach soil and 40 isolates from Tenali black soil. The best producing organism identified and characterized as <em>Pencilium oxalicum KRSS-S-FP10.</em> Taguchi was used to know active and independent variables screened by using PDA media variables was employed to derive statistical model (Response surface methodology: RSM) for optimizing the medium composition. The alkaline protease activity was in between 2.0U/mL to 10.76U/mL and The Delta value indicates the effect of component in the form of ranking has given to the variables. To confirm these results, experiments were carried out using RSM these nutrients with same concentrations and it was observed that the mean value of alkaline protease was 10.13U/mL as compared to the predicted value of 10.76U/mL using MINITAB. The final optimized medium has given approximately three-fold increase in alkaline protease production in comparison with one-factor-at-a-time (5.12U/mL) method.</p> Sarojini Chiluvuri Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 ASSESSMENT THE RELATION BETWEEN VATAPRADHAN PRAKRUTI AND SATATSANDHISHABDGAMIN <p>The fundamental principles of Ayurveda are eternal and can be applied in any era. The principles of other sciences have changed from time to time, but the basic Principles of Ayurveda have not changed. Dosha, dhatu, mala are the basic components of the body. All Acharyas has given prime important to VATA in tridoshas. During the sara-kitta vibhajana, Vata is produced by kitta (mala). Sara-kitta vibhajana takes place in the koshtha. Vata word denotes Gati &amp; Gandha. Vata consists of Vayu and Aakash mahabhut in large quantity. Vata gunas are ruksha,sheet,laghu,sukshma,chal,vishad khar Vata dosha occupies all the places in the body especially Pakwashaya,Shroni,Guda Asthi &amp; Majja. There are 5 types of Vata.-Prana,Udana Vyana Samana apana. Vata is the initial factor for starting all the chesta (movements) of the body and mind. All seven dhatu does their function in the body because of vata. It plays important role in maintaining the agni,Utsaha, ucchwasa, nishwasa, chesta, veg-pravartana, akshepam patwen nimesha etc.</p> <p>Prakruti parikshana is included in Dashavidha pariksha by Acharya Charaka. Prakruti in garbha is stated and it is continued to be the prakruti of that person for lifetime. Dosha which are present in greater extent that dosha prakruti is said to be the prakruti of the person after the birth. So, the prakruti of some people is kaphaja,pittal, vatala, some people are having dvandvaja (two dosha together), and some are having Samadhatu prakruti i.e., all three dosha are present in equal extent.</p> <p>Gunas of Vayu are reflected in vata prakruti. Satata-shabdagamina is seen in sandhi of Vata prakruti persons which is a crackling sound of joints refers to non-sliminess cracked body part and constant sound in joints during movement.</p> <p>This study was done to assess the relation between Vatapradhan Prakruti and Satatsandhishabdgamin. 200 individuals were selected from both sexes of age group 20 to 40 years for screening. Detail information was taken of every individual to decide Prakruti of individual and research related data was collected by asking the questions to every individual. Chi square test-test of association was used to prove the relation between Vata pradhan prakruti and Satatsandhishabdagamin. Statistically it was proved that there is association between Vata pradhan prakruti and Satatsandhishabdagami.</p> Dr Siddheshwar Vaidya Dr Sumedh Wasnik Dr Neelam Vaidya Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY TO ASSESS THE DEPRESSION, ANXIETY AND STRESS OF COVID-19 AMONG NURSING STUDENTS IN SELECTED COLLEGE AT VIRUDHUNAGAR <p>Covid-19 outbreak has affected not only physical health but also mental health and well-being. The rates of mental health symptoms among Chinese general population during the covid-19 pandemic were 27.9% for depression and 31.6% for anxiety.&nbsp; Nursing students may be shunned, harassed and even blamed as potential covid-19 spreaders, though they were an important reserve force against covid-19 and other diseases. Of note, the psychological impact of covid-19 on nursing students remained unclear.</p> <p><strong>Aim</strong>: The aim of the study was to assess the depression, anxiety and stress of covid-19 among nursing students.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods</strong>: Non experimental design was used. By using purposing sampling 165 nursing students at the age group of 18-24 years were selected. 21- item Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) was used to assess the depression anxiety and stress among nursing students.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong> : Maximum number of students were in the age group of 19-20 years (44%),Maximum students were in I year 48 ( 29%), Maximum students were residing at rural areas 74 (45%), Majority of the students 152 (92%) were Hindus, Majority of the students 134 (81%) were living in nuclear family and majority of the students 76 (46%) were have a family income of Rs 10,000/ to Rs 20,000/.From the sample, About depression, majority of the students 114(69%)&nbsp; were not experienced depression.20(12%),15(9%),10(6%)and 6(4%) students were in mild, moderate, severe and extremely severe level of depression respectively. About anxiety, majority of the students 91(55%) were not experienced anxiety.18(11%),32(19%),11(7%) and 13(8%) students were in mild, moderate, severe and extremely severe level of anxiety. About stress, majority of the students 137(83%) were not experienced stress. 13(8%),11(7%),4(2%) students were in mild, moderate and severe level of stress and no students were found in extremely severe level of stress.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong></p> <p>As Nursing students are an important reserve force against the covid-19 pandemic, special psychological interventions should be implemented to assure their mental health.</p> Mrs. S. Suganthi Ms. P. Siva Sundhari Ms. M. A. Pavithra Saras Ms. A. Mahalakshmi Ms. G. Sathya Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 RE-INVENTING THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC WITH RESPECT TO PARADIGM SHIFT IN DIFFERENT AREAS OF INDIAN HIGHER EDUCATION <p><em>COVID-19 pandemic has impacted different sectors of India, viz. economy, entertainment, religion, sports, transport and employment etc. Education is not an exception of that. The human civilization had never experienced such a turmoil situation in last hundred years before the outbreak of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-pandemic. COVID-19 pandemic has impacted different sectors of India, viz. economy, entertainment, religion, sports, transport and employment etc. Education is not an exception of that. Educational institutions (schools, colleges, and universities) in India till early 2020 were based only on traditional methods of learning, that is, they follow the traditional set up of face-to-face lectures in a classroom. Although many academic units had started blended learning, still a lot of them were stuck with old procedures. The sudden outbreak of the deadly disease called Covid-19 caused by a Corona Virus (SARS-CoV-2) shook the entire world. The World Health Organization declared it as a pandemic. This situation challenged the education system across the world and forced educators to shift to an online mode of teaching overnight. In Indian context at least 320,713,810 students of different levels of education are affected out of which at least 34,337,594 students belong to higher education sector. Due to COVID-19, different aspects of Indian Higher Education sector witnessed drastic changes. In this paper the paradigm shifts in Indian higher education sector and their future prospects are discussed with some suggestive remarks in conclusion section.</em></p> Meghamitra Bagchi Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 RIGHT TO INFORMATON ACT – 2005: A REVIEW <p>The Right to information or the right to freedom of information refers to an individual’s right or freedom to seek public information. It is information means any material relating to the affairs, administrative or decision of a public authority. It is mandatory that the flow of the information must be free.</p> <p>The great democratizing power of information has given us all the chance to effect change and alleviate poverty in ways we cannot even imagine today. Right to information is a weapon to bring good governance in the country.</p> <p>It is true that right to information proved to be a tool in a great democracy to provide its citizens a functional transparency of the governance. The tool in the form of ‘right to information’ is available for every citizen of India. It is necessary to know the applicability of the Right to Information Act.</p> Dr. Kopperla Sreenivasulu Prof. B. V. Raghavulu Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 ANALYSIS OF CAPITAL TO RISK ASSETS RATIO (CRAR) AND BASEL NORMS <p>This paper revisits the implementation of Basel I, II, and III by the RBI in the Indian banks. The global financial crisis in 2007, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) proposed specific reforms to strengthen global capital and liquidity regulations to promote a more resilient banking sector.<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1">[i]</a> India introduced Basel III norms in March 2019. The Basel III reforms have&nbsp;been proposed to be implemented from&nbsp;<strong>1 January 2023</strong> and will be spread over five years. The paper has three sections. Section I&nbsp; emphasizes the need for and determination of Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) with an example of 3 banks having a different capital base, deposits, loan/ advances, income, and expenses.&nbsp; Section II includes a comparison of Basel I, II, and III. Conclusions and suggestions are presented in Section III.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Deepali Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 RETROSPECTIVE CLINICAL SURVEY: A STUDY TO SHOW THE EFFECT OF NIDRA VIPARYAYA ON DHATU SARATA <p><em>Acharya Charaka </em>has designated <em>ahara </em>(food), <em>nidra </em>(sleep) and <em>brahmacharya </em>(abstinence) as the main three pillars of life termed as <em>trayaupastambhas</em>. These, when taken in adequate amount at the right time provide stability to the body and improve <em>bala </em>(stremgth)<em>, varna </em>(complexion) and <em>upchaya </em>(metabolism) in the body. Among these, <em>nidra </em>plays a major role in one’s life. Adequate sleep leads to <em>arogya </em>(health)<em>, bala shukra vridhi </em>(increase in physical and reproductive strength) and <em>dhatusamyata </em>and healthy life which is the ultimate goal of Ayurveda. On the other hand, altered sleep leads to <em>bala hani </em>(loss of strength<em>), rugnavastha </em>(diseased state) or even death. So it can be said that abnormal or inadequate <em>nidra </em>can manifest in the form of <em>dhatuvikara</em>, making a person <em>atura </em>(diseased). For better economic gains, people are neglecting their daily needs of having proper <em>ahara, nidra </em>and other required <em>vihara </em>at proper time. Due to these reasons, people are becoming more prone towards diseased state. <em>Dashavidha-atura pariksha</em>, given by <em>Acharya Charak </em>is very unique and important concept of Ayurveda which is done to know <em>pramana </em>(magnitude) of <em>ayu </em>(life)<em>, dosha </em>and <em>bala </em>(strength) of <em>rogi</em>. <em>Dhatusara pariksha </em>is one among these which literally means essence of <em>dhatu</em>, possessing all good qualities in excellent standard without any defects. The present study was done to study the relationship of <em>nidra </em>on <em>dhatusarata</em>, with the purpose that people should understand the importance of <em>nidra </em>as only a healthy individual can lead to the formation of a healthy society.</p> Dr. Manisha Sharma Dr. Iqbal Singh Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 A STUDY ON SCHOOL DROPOUTS IN THULUKKANKURICHI PANCHAYAT OF VEMBAKKOTTAI BLOCK <p>Dropout is a widespread occurrence in India's educational system, affecting all levels of education, all parts of the country, and all socioeconomic categories. Dropout rates are significantly higher in educationally underdeveloped states and districts. Nearly sixty years ago, India established a constitutional commitment to provide free and compulsory education to all children up to the age of 14. Even now, the aim, which was supposed to be fulfilled by 1960, remains elusive. The study's main goals are to determine the type of school dropouts in the study area, determine the reasons for school dropouts in the study area, investigate life style changes following school dropouts, and give valid remedies to the school dropout problem. The research is based on both primary and secondary sources of information. Alamelumangi puram, Keelachathiram, and Thulukkankurichi are the three hamlets that make up Thulukkankurichi Panchayat. The researcher gathered data from 60 dropout school pupils using the snowball sampling technique. According to the findings, school officials should educate children and their parents about the importance of education, and school officials should make special efforts to reach out to slow learners and weak pupils.</p> T. Jansirani R. Seenivasan Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 COLLEGE EDUCATION: THE WINDS OF CHANGE ARE BLOWING-THE FUTURE IS NOW <p>“Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all.” – Aristotle</p> Dr. Cory Ross Jonas Ross Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DIFFERENT PEARL NUCLEI IMPLANTATION ON THE FRESH WATER MUSSELS IN DISTRICT BALESHWAR, ODISHA. <p>Fresh water pearl culture is growing as a source of employment and income in many Distict, Baleshwar, Odisha., &nbsp;I have iniated fresh water pearl culture projects in recent years. In India the &nbsp;institute of fresh water aquaculture is carrying out research on identification of suitable local pearl mussel species, definition appropriate surgical implantation procedure, developing post operative &nbsp;care procedure and captive pond culture of mussels. The Table 5.1 shows that the water parameters like temperature (30.2), oxygen(5.9), P<sup>H</sup>(7.4), alkalinity (162)and calcium (51) in rearing period have values in 8 weeks. Table 5.2 Shows The <em>Lamellidens marginalis</em> species observe the average length 8.0 mm, No. of mussels 55, survivability 100, % of pearl bearing mussel 92, Maximum no. of pearl 10 and Avarage no. of pearl observed 6. Table 5.3 shows the total number of nucleus collected for culture 11 which have designer, oval, round and half round shape (each no. of nucleus 10) by dental and zeronite powders and shell powder rounded which have no. of 11 nucleus.</p> P. Pragya Paramita Nanda Dr. R.K.Singh Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 TURNAROUND OF THE STOCK EXCHANGE <p>The following research has been conducted to ascertain the rising trends of the stock market especially after the Covid pandemic.The rise in the number of brokerage companies and the ease in the opening of accounts along with the increasing flexibility of rules and procedures have all brought a revolution in the stock markets.The various marketing strategies used to garner investors and the rising trends of the IPO are some of the important concepts that have been explained thoroughly.The research paper also sheds light on investor education and its transformation and how various entertainment sources like movies and TV shows have contributed immensely towards the promotion of investment education.The basic idea of how the markets have changed and how the participants both the investor as well the fund raiser have transformed their thinking are well discussed in the subsequent paragraphs.</p> Manya Mittal Trish Gupta Mudit Jain Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 A BLOCKCHAIN BASED SECURITY MODEL FOR IOT ECOSYSTEM <p>The use of IoT devices has been increasing exponentially with time and this raises serious concerns for the overall protection of the huge IoT Network’s and the database’s associated with it. While there are many proposed approaches to deal with different security related aspects in IoT, one of the potential solutions to such issues is Blockchain. Blockchain is a rapidly emerging technology and is used in various fields. Blockchain technology has features like decentralisation and immutability which guarantees security. A blockchain based security model has been proposed in this paper for securing IoT devices from various security threats. Finally, proposed approach and its implementation using blockchain to secure IoT Ecosystem is discussed to make IoT ecosystem more secure.</p> Sarthak Agrawal Saksham Sharma Surjeet Balhara Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6 INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING IN INDIAN NEWSPAPERS: STUDY OF SELECTED LANDMARK INVESTIGATIVE REPORTS <p>INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING IN INDIAN NEWSPAPERS: STUDY OF SELECTED LANDMARK INVESTIGATIVE REPORTS</p> Darshana Balani Mr. Hira Lal Copyright (c) 2022 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 8 6