WEDGE USING DECENTRALIZED GEOGRAPHIC ROUTING IN WSN

Dr. P. Sengottuvelan , P. Sathya

Abstract


One of the most significant concerns in the maneuver of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is the real-time data delivery. This paper addresses the crisis of real-time data delivery and void node problem in three dimensional WSN, which has a significant impact on the network performance. In order to provide a precise route calculation for reliable data delivery the third coordinate of the location sensor nodes is considered in this article. Additionally, two different heuristic solutions for void node problem in three dimensional spaces have been provided to lift up the effect of long route and spares regions on assurance of real-time data delivery. In order to afford a wide applicable soft real-time routing protocol two decentralized geographical routings are proposed: Three Dimensional Real-Time Geographical Routing Protocol (3DRTGP) and Energy-Aware Real-Time Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks (EART). 3DRTGP and EART are deliberate to fit with WSNs that are deployed in 3D space. Both protocols promote from utilizing the third coordinate of nodes’ locations to achieve less packet end to end (E2E) delay and packet miss ratio. In 3DRTGP, void node problem in 3D space was solved based on adaptive packet forwarding (PFR) region. 3D-VNP solution solely was done locally and without any messaging overhead.

Keywords


3DRTGP, EART, PFR, SFW, E2E.

Full Text:

PDF

References


M. Radi, B. Dezfouli, K. A. Bakar, and M. Lee, “Multipath routing in wireless sensor networks: Survey and research challenges,” Sensors, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 650–685, 2012.

A. Ali, L. Latiff, R. Rahid, and N. Fisal, “Real time communication with power adaptation (rtpa) in wireless sensor network (wsn),” in Proc. of International Conference on Computing Informatics, June 2006.

D. Baghyalakshmi, J. Ebenezer, and S. A. V. SatyaMurty, “Low latency and energy efficient routing protocols for wireless sensor networks,” in Proc. of International Conf. on Wireless Communication and Sensor Computing, Jan 2010.

M. Kadi and I. Alkhayat, “The effect of location errors on location based routing protocols in wireless sensor networks,” Elsevier Egyptian Informat- ics Journal, no. 0, pp. 1 – 8, 2015.

D. Pompili, T. Melodia, and I. F. Akyildiz, “Three-dimensional and two- dimensional deployment analysis for underwater acoustic sensor networks,” Elsevier Ad Hoc Networks, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 778 – 790, 2009.

H. Aksu, D. Aksoy, and I. Korpeoglu, “A study of localization metrics: Evaluation of position errors in wireless sensor networks,” Elsevier Com- puter Networks, vol. 55, no. 15, pp. 3562 – 3577, 2011.

J. Al-Karaki and A. Kamal, “Routing techniques in wireless sensor net- works: a survey,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Communications, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 6–28, Dec 2004.

H. de Oliveira, A. Boukerche, E. Freire Nakamura, and A. Loureiro, “An efficient directed localization recursion protocol for wireless sensor networks,” IEEE Trans. Computers, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 677–691, May 2009.

A. Varga and R. Hornig, “An overview of the omnet++ simulation environ- ment,” in Proc. of the 1st Intr. Conf. on Simulation Tools and Techniques for Communications Networks and Systems and Workshops, April 2008.

A. E. Abdallah, T. Fevens, and J. Opatrny, “High delivery rate position- based routing algorithms for 3d ad hoc networks,” Elsevier Computer Com- munications, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 807–817, Mar. 2008.

R. Zurawski, “Keynote: Wireless sensor network in industrial automation,” in Proc. of International Conference on Embedded Software and Systems, May 2009.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2019 INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH JOURNAL