PROBLEMS OF DROP-OUT STUDENTS IN INDIAN SLUM

Tarannum Siddiqui

Abstract


The purpose of this paper is to find out the problems of drop-out students at elementary level, specially living in slum areas of India. Educational facility at elementary level and its relationship with infrastructural facilities is the main focus of this paper. Paper highlights the role of government to improve elementary education in slum areas of the country with special focus on drop-out students. Paper is mainly based on primary and secondary data/ information. Study has taken a total sample of 50 households (25 from each district) by using random sampling technique in the urban areas namely- Madiyaon slum of Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh and Dharavi slum of Mumbai in Maharashtra. Intensive interviews have been conducted to procure purpose full information. The numbers of upper primary schools were found half of the primary schools in slum areas. Acording to RTE Act no students could be stop or retained in any class of primary section. To stop drop out situation at elementary level of education, paper recommends opening more government upper primary schools in the slum areas. Due to limited sample size, the research results may lack generalisation. Therefore, researchers and research institutions are encouraged to test the proposed propositions further. Dropping out from elementary education in slum areas are an unexplored area of research which has been covered in this paper.

Keywords


Indian slums, Problems of drop-out students, Elementary education in slum areas.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Book:

Jain, L. (2008) “Dropout of Girls- Child in Schools”, Northern Book Center, New Delhi.

Journals:

Khasnabis, R. and Chatterjee, T. (2012) “Enrolling and Retaining Slum Children in Formal Schools A Field Survey in Eastern Slums of Kolkata”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 42, No.22, pp. 2091-2098.

Reports:

R. C. Tyagi (2010-14) “Monitoring and Evaluation of SSA Programme: Reports”, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) New Delhi.

The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) 64th round (2007-08)

Electronic Source:

Through Net, “Life in a Slum”, (2010), BBC News, Retrieved 5 March.

Through Net, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dharavi.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2017 INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH JOURNAL