Dr Atieno Kili K’Odhiambo


Education curriculum, especially in pre-primary and primary schools in Kenya, and in any other place in the world, ought to have the prerequisites of environmental education indelibly instilled in the young minds of learners so that the knowledge gained acts as impetus that empowers individuals as learners and later as society adult members to take care of the Mother Earth in a sustainable manner. Education curriculum in Kenya exhibits pedagogical lacuna which does not auger well for environmental sustainability, although positivity is expressed in the country’s goals of education and commitment to international conventions on environment. The paper uses analysis and prescription as the philosophic methods. It analyses what is taught in pre-school and primary schools in Kenya with a view to evaluating their authenticity in caring for the planet earth and prescribes what is deemed valuable for the education curriculum of young learners from five to 14 years of age. The analysis reveals that to seal the lacuna in the educational curriculum and empower human beings to be effective and efficient development sustainers of the earth, ecopedagogy should be incorporated as the invaluable educational methodology during the early years. The paper prescribes dialogue as the ecopedagogical principle that should focus on food (F), land (L), air (A) and water (W)-FLAW, the most important four components without which no human being, including flora and fauna, can survive. Food, land, air and water are the pillars of the environment. The young learners are to engage in dialogue on these four components at both home and school with a view to fulfilling the Earth Charter principles and relevant Social Development Goals. Research in teaching methods that ground young learners in environmental protection and conservation needs to be undertaken, not only by education but also by religious bodies and all other organisations determined to protect the Mother Earth.


Critical Pedagogy, Curriculum, Dialogue, Ecoliteracy, Ecopedagogy, Prescription

Full Text:



Akinwale, Akeem Ayoge. (2012). Digitisation of indigenous knowledge for natural resources

management in Africa: A paper presented at the 20th Anniversary Summit of the African Educational Research Network (AERN) at North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA, on 19th August, 2012.

Antunes, Angela and Gadotti, Moacir. (nd). Eco-pedagogy as the appropriate pedagogy to the

earth charter process! A thematic essay which speaks to principle 14 on incorporating

the values of the earth charter into education. Part IV: Democracy, nonviolence, and peace.

Bowers, C.A. (2004). Revitalizing the commons or an individualized approach to planetary

citizenship: The choice before us. Educational Studies: A Journal of American Educational Studies Association.

Briggs, Marilyn. (2014). A new philosophy for nutrition education. Retrieved from on February 19, 2017.

Dictionary of American history. (2003). Gale Group Inc.

Earth charter initiative. (2016). What is the earth charter. Retrieved from on January 7, 2017.

Food and agriculture organization (Quastat) .(2005). Irrigation in Africa in figures.

Retrieved from on December 20, 2016.

Fortunate, Edith and Gathura, gatonye. (2012, Wednesday, November 7). Germs in a bowl,

Nairobi deadly sukuma wiki. Daily Nation.

Freire, Paulo and Faundez, Antonio. (1989). Learning to question: A pedagogy of Liberation.

Geneva: World Council of Churches.

Freire, Paulo. (1968). Bloomsbury Publishing.

Grigorov, Stefan Krasimitov and Fleuri, Reinaldo, Matias. (2012). Ecopedagogy: Educating for a

new eco-social intercultural perspective. Visao Global, Joacaba, V.15, n.1-2, p.433-454, jan/dez.2012.

Institute for Water in Africa e.V. (2017). Retrieved from on

January 28, 2017.

International union for conservation of nature (IUCN). (nd). Poverty alleviation and

environmental conservation. Retrieved from on January 29, 2017.

Kahn, Richard. (2010). Critical pedagogy, ecoliteracy, planetary crisis: The ecopedagogy

movement. New York: Peter Lang.

Khondker, Habibul Haque. (2014). From the “Silent Spring” to the globalization of the

environmental movement. Journal of International and Global Studies, Volume 6, Number 2.

Kinver, Mark. (2014). Trees: A personal and national legacy of Evelyn’s Sylva. Retrieved from on January 7, 2017.

Macmillan English dictionary for advanced learners. (2012). Oxford: Macmillan Publishers


Margulis, Alexander and Kholodnaya, Asya. (2000). Russian-English dictionary of proverbs and

sayings. London: McFarland & Company.

Mautner, Thomas. (2005). Dictionary of philosophy. London: Penguin Books.

Micheletti, Gabrielle. (2010). Re-envisioning Paulo Freire’s “Banking concept of education.”

Inquiries Journal: Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities, Vol. 2 No. 2. Retrieved from on January 3, 2017.

Njoroge, R.J. and Bennaars, G.A. (1986). Philosophy and education in Africa. Nairobi:


Nyawira, Ndiritu Serah. (2014). Assessment of the sources and types of pollutants in Nairobi

River. Retrieved from on January 30, 2017.

Oldfield, Sara and Jenkins, Martin. (2012). Wild flora for improved rural livelihood: Case studies

from Brazil, China, India and Mexico. Richmond, UK: Botanic gardens Conservation International.

Omiyefa, Muraina Olugbenga; Ajayi, Ayo; Adeyanju, Lawrence Olugbade. (2015). Exploring

ecopedagogyfor the attainment of education for all in Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice, Vol. 6, No. 6, 2015.

Partridge, Robert. (2011). Sacred animals of ancient Egypt. Retrieved

from on December 5, 2016.

Sebo, Helena Maria. (2012). Environmental education and eco-pedagogy. Retrieved from on December 20, 2016.

Shah, Anup. (2005). Poverty and environment. Retrieved from on January

, 2017.

Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. (2005). Critical Theory. Retrieved from

http://plato.stanford.educ/entries/critical-theory on January 10, 2017.

Sharma, Subhash. (2013). Soil to soul philosophy of holistic education. In: Pramond Pathak,

Radha R. Sharma and Saumya (eds). Reinventing the society: The search for a paradigm. Delhi: Macmillan.

Squires, Dale. (2013). Biodiversity conservation in Asia. DOI:

1002/app5.13. Asia and Pacific Studies.

Unesco. (nd). Earth charter. Retrieved from on January 8, 2017.

Uusitalo, Ulla; Pietinen, Pirjo and Puska, Pekka. (2002). Dietary Transition in developing

countries: Challenges for chronic disease prevention. In: WHO, Globalisation, diets and noncommunicable diseases. Geneva: World Health Organisation.

Ward, H. Mary. (2009). Too much a good thing? Nitrate from nitrogen fertilizers and cancer.

National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), US National Library of Medicine. Retrieved from on January 23, 2017.

Weiman, Bethany. (nd). How does pollution affect all living things? Retrieved from on December 8, 2016.

Williams, Lizzie. (2005). Africa overland. London: New Holland Publishing.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.