• Ahmed Abouelrish Control and Instrumentation Engineer Khalda – Apache Petroleum Company Road 290, New Maadi, Cairo, Egypt Universiti Teknologi Petronas 31750, Tronoh, Perak, Malaysia


Boiler, Control Valve, Piping and Instrumented Diagram (P&ID), Burner Management System (BMS), National Fire Protection Association 85 series (NFPA85), Master Fuel Trip (MFT)


Boilers are used in many industrial facilities to generate electricity or produce heat, steam and hot water.  Many hazards are occurring on the boiler affecting boiler operation. Within unsafe conditions, boiler hazards might cause explosions, property implosions, injuries and death. This project outlines changes on piping and instrumentation diagram (P&ID controller) of boiler pipelines improving smooth operation and boiler efficiency following control requirements of international standards and safety regulations such as National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) to be checked on Boiler Burner Management System and all safety requirements to be developed. Moreover, the project presents the safe arrangement of boiler components in P&ID designs for each part of the boiler to achieve functional safety requirements and comply with the original approach for Burner Management Systems.


S. G. Dukelow, The Control of Boilers, 2nd ed., United States of America: Instrumentation Society of America, 1991.

B. G. Liptak, Process Control and Optimization, 4th ed., United States of America: Taylor and Francis Group, 2006.

G. F. Gilman, Boiler Control System Engineering, 1st ed., United States of America: The Instrumentation, Systems and Automation Society, 2005.

E. Peterschmidt, and M. Taylor, “Boilers and Boiler Control Systems,” in Taylor & Francis, paper 7.2.8, p. 93.

B. Stanmore, and M. Desai, “Steam Explosions in Boiler Ash Hoppers,” in Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, paper 1993, p. 133.

Boiler Operation and Combustion Systems Hazards Code, NFPA Std. 85, 2011.

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code with Addenda, ASME Std., 2010.

Fossil Fuel Power Plant Steam Turbine Bypass System, ANSI/ISA Std. 77.13, 1999.

Fossil Fuel Power Plant Steam Temperature Control, ANSI/ISA Std. 77.44, 2007.

Safety Instrumented Systems, Emerson Std., 2003.

(2012) List of Boiler Explosions. [Online]. Available:

A. Abouelrish, and Soetjahjo,“NFPA 85 Compliances of boiler burner management system”, SBM Offshore Malaysia, 2012.

Flow Equations for Sizing Control Valves, ANSI/ISA-75.01.01, 2007.

The American Boiler Manufacturers Association’s standard radiation loss, ABMA, 2009.

Inherent Flow Characteristic and Rangeability of Control Valves, ANSI/ISA-75.11.01, 2002.

Scientific Apparatus Makers Association standard, SAMA-54.01.01, 2004.

National Fuel Gas Code-The safety benchmark for fuel gas installations, NFPA Std. 54, 1999.

H. D. Baumann, Control Valve Primer, 4th ed., United States of America: Instrumentation Society of America, 2012.

G. Borden, and P. G. Friedmann, Control Valves: Practical Guides for Measurement and Control, 4th ed.: ISA, 1998.

R. Newton, DuPont to standardize on Bentley Open Plant P&ID., United States of America: Instrumentation Society of America, 2012.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Ahmed Abouelrish. (2015). DESIGNS OF BOILER BURNER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 1(2). Retrieved from