Mr.B. R. Mhaske, Mr.R. L. Nibe, Shubham M. Saner


The water is at higher risk as its remediation is very difficult. The major an thropogenic   activities for continuous water quality deterioration are urbanization , industrialization and agricultural runoff . Appropriate 70 % of India and 25% of the other world has not assesible and safe drinking purpose water . The use of artificial chemicals contain to contaminate many of the precious water sources worldwide. Also, soil contains the fluoride arsenic as well as redioacting element  are polluting the sources of water . Thus, to remove the above impurities from the sources , we have to goes for special type of processing . The household filters and methods only separate out the particulate matter . The traditional methods like ultra- filtration do not remove the most of the heavy toxic chemicals from water which can harm humans.  The toxic chemicals as well as other impurities are achieved by the universal method called as reverse osmosis hence the present short review shows the applicability of RO system for treating the effluents from water.


Water pollution, reverse osmosis, osmotic pressure, membranes, pfeffer method.

Full Text:



Wahlqvist, M.L. and K.N. Kuo, Securing health through food systems: an initiative of the nutrition consortium of the National Health Research Institutes in Taiwan and Asia Pacific regional partners as a network. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr, 2009. 18(4): p. 472-9.

Krishnan S., Kampman, D., Kumar S. and S.Nagar, Groundwater and well water quality inalluvial aquifer of central Gujarat, in Proceedings of IWMI-Tata Water Policy Programme Annual Partner’s Meet, Anand, Gujarat,2005

Hunter, P.R., J.M. Colford, M.W. LeChevallier, S. Binder, P.S. Berger Panel on Waterborne Diseases: Emerging Infectious Diseases Conference in Atlanta, Georgia. Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, 2000. 7(3): p. 544-545.

Arsuaga, J.M., M.J. Lopez Munoz, A. Sotto and G. del Rosario, (2006),” Retention of phenols and carboxylic acids bynanofiltration/membranes: Sieving and membrane solute interaction effects “,Desalination, 731- 733.

Glater, J., The early history of reverse osmosis membrane development. Desalination 1998. 117: p. 297–309.

Bhattacharyya, D., and Madadi, M.R., (1988):"Separation of Phenolic Compounds by LowPressure Composite Membranes: Model Mathematical and Experimental Results", AIChESymposium Series, 84, No. 261, 139.

Chian, E., Bruce, W., and Fang, H., (1975): "Removal of Pesticides by Reverse Osmosis", Environmental Science and Technology, 9, 364.

Krishnan S., Kampman, D., Kumar S. and S. Nagar, Groundwater and well water quality in alluvial aquifer of central Gujarat, in Proceedings of IWMI-Tata Water Policy Programme Annual Partner’s Meet, Anand, Gujarat,2005

G. Srinivasan,,S. Sundaramoorthy and D.V.R.Murthy (2010):,” Spiral Wound Reverse OsmosisMembranes for the Recovery of PhenolCompounds-Experimental and ParameterEstimation Studies,” American J. of Engineeringand Applied Sciences 3 (1): 31-36

Kurihara, M., Harumiya, N., Kanamaru, N.,Tonomura, T., and Nakasatomi,M.(1981):”,Development of the PEC-1000Universal Journal of Environmental Research and Technology238.

Pusch, W., Yu, Y., and Zheng, L., (1989): "Solute-Solute and Solute-Membrane Interactions inHyperfiltration of Binary and Ternary AqueousOrganic Feed Solutions", Desalination, 75, 3.

Zhang S., Yang F., Liu Y., Zhang X., Yamada Y. andFurukawa K., (2006):. Performance of a metallicmembrane bioreactor treating simulateddistillery wastewater at temperatures of 30 to45 ºC, Desalination, 194, 146-155.

Hazardous Industrial Wastewaters", Current Practices Environmental Science, 3, 1 (1987b).Slejko, F., Adsorption Technology, Marcel Dekkar, Inc., New York (1985).Soltanieh, M., and Gill, W., "Review of Reverse Osmosis Membranes and Transport Models",Chemical Engineering Communications, 12, 279 (1981).

Bodalo-Santoyo, A., J.L. Gomez-Carrasco, E.Gomez-Gomez, F.Maximo-Martin and A.M.Hidalgo-Montesinos,(2003):,”Application ofreverse osmosis membrane to reduce pollutantspresent in industrial waste water , “Desalination,155: 101-108.

Senevirathna, L., et al., Risk factors associated with disease progression and mortality in chronic kidney disease of uncertain etiology: a cohort study in Medawachchiya, Sri Lanka. Environ Health Prev Med, 2012. 17(3): p. 191-8.

Nanayakkara, S., et al., Evidence of tubular damage in the very early stage of chronic kidney disease of uncertain etiology in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka: a cross-sectional study. Environ Health Prev Med, 2012. 17(2): p. 109-17.

J.W. Lee, T.O.Kwon, I.S. Moon, Performance of polyamide reverse osmosismembranes for steel wastewater reuse,Desalination 189 (2006) 309–322.

A. Sagiv, R. Semiat, Backwash of RO spiralwound membranes, Desalination 179(2005) 1–9.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.