PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF RURAL ALTRUISTIC ADOLESCENT STUDENTS AT SECONDARY LEVEL

Authors

  • Mukul Baran Mandal Research Scholar, Department of Education, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan, West Bengal, India
  • Dr. Chitralekha Mehera Assistant Professor, Department of Education, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan, West Bengal, India

Keywords:

Altruism, Adolescent Children, Secondary Level, Big Five Personality Traits

Abstract

The present study investigated the nature of Big Five Personality Traits (BFPT) of rural altruistic adolescent students. Sample comprised of 400 rural adolescent students of secondary level. Altruism Scale (AS) and Big Five Personality Inventory (BFPI), both adopted by the investigators, were used to assess Altruism and Big Five Personality Traits respectively. Descriptive survey method was used for the investigation. The result revealed significant gender difference in altruism as well as in two of Big Five Personality Traits. Rural altruistic adolescent boy students scored higher on Extraversion than rural altruistic adolescent girl students whereas the later scored higher on Agreeableness than the former. One notable point is that there was no significant gender difference in Openness, Conscientiousness, and Neuroticism.

High Altruistic adolescent students possessed more Extraversion and Agreeableness than both Medium and Low Altruistic adolescent students. Again there were significant differences between the students of Medium Altruistic group and Low Altruistic group in respect of Conscientiousness, Extraversion and Agreeableness favoring the former group.

The study further indicated that three personality traits namely, Conscientiousness, Extraversion and Agreeableness were essential for construction of altruistic personality of rural adolescent students as regression equations confirmed the ability of altruism of rural adolescent students to predict those traits.

References

I. Aranson, E., et. al. (2004). Social Psychology (2nd Ed.). Toronto, ON: Prentice Hall.

II. Batson, C. D., & Oleson, K. C. Current Status of the Empathy-Altruism Hypothesis. Review of Personality and Social Psychology, 12, 62-85, 1991

III. Bierhoff, W.H., and E. Rohomann (2004). Altruistic Personality in the Context of Empathy-Altruism Hypothesis. European Journal of Personality, 18, 351-65.

IV. Drebera, A., Emma, V. Essenb, and Eva, Ranehillc. “In Bloom: Gender Differences in Preferences Among Adolescents”. Social Science Research Network, 35(734), 88-97, Jul. 2012, [Online]. Available: http:// ssrn.com/abstract=1804278.

V. Emmerik, IH., I.M. Jawahar, and T.H.Stone (2004). The Relationship between Personality and Discretionary Helping Behaviors. Psychological Report, 95(1), 355-65.

VI. James, S.B., et. al. Empathy, communication, and prosocial behavior. Communication Monographs, 55(2), 198-213, Jun. 2009, (online). http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03637758809376166

VII. Mandal, M.B., and C. Mehera. (2016). A Study on Altruism and Interest in Literature at Higher Secondary Level. American Journal of Educational Research, 4 (9) 689-694, Newark.

VIII. Michael, V.S., and M.R.Roelofs (Nov. 2011) Heterogeneous Preferences for Altruism: Gender and Personality, Social Status, Giving and Taking. Experimental Economics. 14(4), 490-506. [Online, Mar 2011] DOI: 10.1007/s10683-011-9278-4

IX. Rashmi, S., DK Sharma and CS Sushil. (2010). A Comparative Study of Altruism among the Boys and Girls of Joint and Nuclear Families. Journal of Mental Health and Human Behavior, 15 (2), 88-90.

X. Smith, E.R., & Mackie,D.M. (2000). Social Psychology (2nd Ed.). New York: Psychology Press.

XI. Toussaint, L. and Jhon. R. Webb. “Gender Differences in the Relationship between Empathy and Forgiveness”. J. Soc Psychol, 145 (6), 673-685, 2005.

XII. Tait, D. J., & C.M Whiteman (2009). Personality Traits of Altruistic People: Empathy and Big Five Factors. Dissertation. Online: http:/hdl. Handle.net/1842/3547.

Additional Files

Published

15-02-2017

How to Cite

Mukul Baran Mandal, & Dr. Chitralekha Mehera. (2017). PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF RURAL ALTRUISTIC ADOLESCENT STUDENTS AT SECONDARY LEVEL. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 3(2). Retrieved from http://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/647