SCREENING OF SOME PLANTS AGAINST SEED- BORNE FUNGI OF PULSES

Ashok S. Kandhare

Abstract


Green gram, Black gram, Pigeon pea and chickpea are common pulses in diet rich in carbohydrates, proteins and minerals. Numerous fungi affect pulses adversely causing reduction in seed content and seed health. Total seventeen seed-borne fungi recorded from all four test pulses. Out of these seventeen seed-borne fungi, six were found to be common and dominant on all four test pulses. These seed-borne fungi cause adverse effect on yield and nutritive value of the pulses. In order to protect pulses from the pathological and economical damage many fungicides are used. Fungicides are harmful to the plant, environment and nutritive value of the pulses. Therefore, biological means like plant powders are tried during the study to curb the infestation of seed-borne fungi. Eighteen plants and three fungi that are more common and dominant on the four pulses are considered for present study. All plant powders were found to be effective to control seed-borne fungi.

Keywords


seed-borne fungi, pulses, plant powders, mycoflora

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kuldeep singh jadon and Rakesh Shah (2012). Antifungal activity of different plant extracts against Drechslera bicolour causing leaf blight of bell pepper. Archives of Phytopathology and plant protection. Online 18 April 2012.

Amit trivedi, Sharma S.K., Hussain (2013). Application of biodynamic preparation, bio-control agent and botanicals for organic management of virus and leaf spots of black gram (vigna mungo L. Hepper). Journal of agricultural research, vol. (4), 60-64, url: http://academiapublishing.org/ajar/pdf/2013/April/recordnumber20143001867.

Emad M. El- Kholie, Mohammed A. T. Abdelreheem and Seham A. Khader (2012). Azadirachta indica A. Juss extracts influenced some pathogenic fungi. African journal of microbiology research, Vol. 6(27), pp 564-5649. url: http://www.academicjournals.org/AJMR.

Kshirsagar, M.K. and A.R. Mehta (1972). Survey of ferns in Gujarat state (India) for presence of antibacterial substances. Planta med. 22:386.

Bhargava, K.S., Dixit, S.N., Dubey, N.K. and R.D. Tripathi (1981). Effect of leaf extracts of Datura stromonium and Rauvolfia serpentine on the growth of some soil borne Fusaria. Proce. 71st Indian sci. cong. Part III Abst. Bot.: 38.

Singh, H.M.P. and M.M. Prasad (1993). Evaluation of medicinal plant extracts against Banana. Proceeding Indian sci. Cong. Part III Abst. Bot. 74.

Khan, M.I., Ashaq, M., Bhat, M.Y. and Fazal, M. (1996). A comparative study of the efficacy of some plant extracts and fungicides on mycoflora of Chickpea seeds. Annals of plant protection sciences. 4 (1): 85-87.

Aridogan, B.C., Daydar, H., Kaya, S., Demirici, M., Ozbasar, D. and Mumcu, E. (2002). Antibacterial activity and chemical composition of some essential oils. Archives of Pharmaceutical research, v. 25(6): 860-864.

Ahmad, I., Aqil, F. (2003). Broad spectrum antibacterial and antifungal activities and potency of crude alcoholic extract and fractions of Delonix regia flowers. 2nd world congress on “Biotechnological developments of herbal medicine” NBRI, Lucknow, UP, India: 74, February 20-22.

Rukhsana Bajwa and Saima Iftikhar (2005). Antifungal activity of allelopathic plant extracts VI: In vitro control of fungal pathogens by aqueous leaf extracts of Eucalyptus. Mycopath. 3(1, 2): 7-12.

Dhekle, N.M. (2007). Antifungal activity of some medicinal plants against aflatoxin producing fungi. Ph.D. thesis, Swami Ramanand Tirth Marathwada University, Nanded (M.S.).

Tare, V. (2001). Bioactivity of some medicinal plants against chosen insect pest/ vectors. Journal of medicinal and aromatic plant sciences. 22 (4A): 120-124.

Naik (1998). Flora of Marathwada. Volume I and II, Amrut prakashan, Aurangabad.


Refbacks





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2017 INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH JOURNAL