• Mrs. Divya Rathi Assistant Professor, Human Development, Guru Nanak Girls College, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana
  • Dr. Nirupma Saini Associate Professor, Human Development, Guru Nanak Girls College, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana
  • Dr. Vandana Singh Associate Professor, Human Development, Guru Nanak Girls College, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana


gender and body, obsessed, ectomorphic, endomorphic, mesomorphic, body dissatisfaction, muscularity, mental health


People often correlates the gender and the body (or sex) as a person’s identity. However, it is not true in every aspect as the body is referred to the biological physical variance whereas the gender is how an individual is being identified. This study reveals the perspectives of youth between the ages of 15 to 25 concerning the gender and body image. This study was undertaken using open-ended questionnaire with a sample of 60 persons, half of which were men and half were women. Equal number of men and women having ectomorphic, endomorphic and mesomorphic body types were taken as sample. It was found that both adolescents and young adults with different body types were obsessed with their bodies. Individuals having mesomorphic physique reported positive reviews about their body, whereas endomorphic and ectomorphic body types reported pessimistic evaluation with respect to their body image. Body dissatisfaction was rational across the gender. Most of the women wants an ideal body like a Barbie doll with slim waist and other signifiers of sexiness. Whilst men wants the body like an WWE (World Wrestling Entertainment) action figure with massive set of muscles in the upper torso, ‘six packs’ of abdominal muscles and leanness with muscularity. In addition to this, young adults believes that ideal body image can help them achieve more social success and acceptance. Therefore, providing proper guidance to these youngsters regarding healthy body and gender stereotypes can have a positive impact on their mental health and can improve their self worth.


I. Sharma S (2017), Body Image Issues Faced by Adolescents in India, International Journal of Indian Psychology, Volume 4, (3), DIP:18.01.139/20170403, DOI:10.25215/0403.139

II. Cash, T. and Pruzinsky, T. (2004) Body image: A Handbook of theory, research and clinical practise New York: Guilford Press.

III. Mehmet A. and Cigdem K. (2018) Gender Differences in perception of body, Expression of body image and body image coping strategies among Turkish adolescents. International journal of Curriculum and instruction 10(2), 30-44.

IV. Hannah L. and Andrea S.(2019) Body dissatisfaction, importance of appearance, and body appreciation in men and women over the life span. Front psychiatry. 2019; 10:864. PMCID: PMC6928134 PMID: 31920737

V. Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy/ June 28,2010.

VI. George M. and Ajmal S. (2020) Self esteem and body image dissatisfaction among adolescents: A cross sectional study. Indian Journal of Community and Family Medicine. Volume-6, Issue-2, 157-162.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Mrs. Divya Rathi, Dr. Nirupma Saini, & Dr. Vandana Singh. (2023). A STUDY ON GENDER STEREOTYPES AND BODY DISSATISFACTION. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 9(6). Retrieved from http://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/2759