• Cherry Ann C. Ballad


The deployment of Filipino Nurses to meet the global demand and nursing shortage continue to rise. According to the statistics of the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA) released on the year 2014, registered nurses are the second largest number of deployed land-based Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW). The data reflected the steady growth of Filipino Nurses being deployed from 2010 to 2014. On the year 2010 alone, 12,082 documented Filipino Nurses left the country while on the year 2014, 19, 815 Filipino nurses were deployed to other countries.  The Philippines continued to be the largest exporter of nurses in the world for the 20th century to meet global shortage for nurses especially in developed countries (Choy, 2003 as cited by Brush et al, 2004, Brush, 2010 & Choy 2010). The Filipino nurses remained to be the largest group of IENs in the United States of America (USA).  Of the internationally-educated nurses (IEN) in USA, 50.1% came from the Philippines (The Registered Nurse Population, 2008).


Brown, C.A. & Busman, M. (2003).Expatriate health-care workers and maintenance of standards of practice factors affecting service delivery in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 16(6/7), 347-353. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/229595340/abstract/E16F1F46B7434C15PQ/1?accountid=33657

Brush, B.L. (2010).The potent lever of toil: Nursing development and exportation in the postcolonial Philippines. American Journal of Public Health,1572-1581. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/747120172/B0C76D069FB6457CPQ/1?accountid=33657

Brush, B.L., Sochalski, J. & Berger, A.M. (2004). Imported care: Recruiting foreign nurses to U.S. health care facilities. Health Affairs, 23 (3), 78-87. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/204643167/464DAFA61A634188PQ/1?accountid=33657

Choy, C.C. (2010). Nurses across borders: Foregrounding international migration in nursing history. Nursing History Review, 18, 12-28.doi: 10.1891/1062–8061.18.12

De Castro, A.B., Gee, G.C. & Takeuchi, D. (2008). Relationship between job dissatisfaction and physical and psychological health among Filipino immigrants.AAOHN Journal, 56(1), 33-40. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/219400300?accountid=33657

Ea, E.E., Griffin, M.Q., L’Eplattenier, N. & Fitzpatrick, J.J. (2014). Job satisfaction and acculturation among Filipino registered nurses. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 40 (1), 46-51. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/236396623/abstract/50FB63E9C8614785PQ/1?accountid=33657

Estimo, Jr., R. (2014, Apr 26). Filipino nurses admired for rendering exemplary service. Arab News. Retrieved from http://www.arabnews.com/news/561476

Katou, A.A.,Budhwar, P.S., Woldu, H. & Al Hamadi, A.B. (2010). Influence of ethical beliefs,

national culture and institutions on preferences for HRM in Oman. Personnel Review, 39 (6), 728-745. doi:10.1108/00483481011075585

Kemp, L.J. & Madsen, S.R. (2014). Oman’s labour force: an analysis of gender in management. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, 33 (8),789-805.

doi: 10.1108/EDI-10-2013-0084

Kuehn, K.W. & Al-Busaidi, Y. (2000). A difference of perspective: An exploratory study of Omani and expatriate values and attitudes. International Journal of Commerce &Managemen, 10 (1), 74-90. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/212835555/abstract/C121042D113E407CPQ/1?accountid=33657

Mujtaba, B.G., Khanfar, N.M. &Khanfar, S.M. (2009). Leadership tendencies of government employees in Oman: A study of task and relationship based on age and gender. Public Organization Review, 10 (2), 173–190. doi 10.1007/s11115-009-0103-x

Ona. (2015, Jun 16). Oman’s expatriate workforce counted at 1.6 million by May. Times of Oman.retrieved from http://timesofoman.com/article/58496/Oman/Omans-expatriate-workforce-reached-1614545-by-the-end-of-May-2015-show-statistics-issued-by-the-National-Centre-for-Statistics-and-Information

Ona. (2015, Oct 12). Oman’s population crosses 4.25 million. Times of Oman. Retrieved from http://timesofoman.com/article/69475/Oman/Expatriates-made-up-444-per-cent-of-Oman's-total-population

Ordonez, R.M. (2012). Exporting Filipino graduates to the global labor market its implications for Philippine higher education. Asian Education and Development Studies, 1 (1), 43-56.

doi 10.1108/20463161211194450

Philippine Overseas Employment Administration.(2014). 2010-2014 Overseas employment statistics. Retrieved from http://www.poea.gov.ph/stats/2014%20POEA%20Stats.pdf

Philippine Statistics Office.(2015). 2014 survey on overseas Filipinos. Retrieved from https://psa.gov.ph/content/2014-survey-overseas filipinos%C3%83%E2%80%9A%C3%82%C2%B9

Rajasekar, J. &Renand, F. (2013). Culture shock in a global world: factors affecting culture shock experienced by expatriates in Oman and Omani expatriates abroad. International Journal of Business and Management, 8 (13), 144-160. doi:10.5539/ijbm.v8n13p144

Rueda, N. U. (2013, Feb 13). Filipino nurse hailed as role model in Obama’s state of the union address.Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved from http://globalnation.inquirer.net/64251/filipino-nurse-hailed-as-role-model-in-obamas-state-of-the-union-address

Slote, R.J. (2011). Pulling the plug on brain-drain: Understanding international migration of nurses.Medsurg Nursing, 20 (4), 179-193. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/884630271/2CC479F801B74063PQ/1?accountid=33657

Swailes, S., Al Said, L.G. & Al Fahdi, S. (2012). Localisation policy in Oman: A psychological contracting interpretation. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 25 (5), 357-372. doi: 10.1108/09513551211252387

Semyonov, M. &Gorodzeisky, A. (2005). Labor migration, remittances and household income: A comparison between Filipino and Filipina overseas workers. The International Migration Review, 39 (1), 45-68. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/215272496/DC92D00819B047E2PQ/1?accountid=33657

The Registered Nurse Population.(2010). Findings from the 2008 national sample survey of registered nurses.U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved from


Additional Files



How to Cite

Cherry Ann C. Ballad. (2016). UNDERSTANDING THE IMPERATIVES OF ACCULTURATION AND JOB SATISFACTION AMONG FILIPINO NURSES’ IN THE SULTANATE OF OMAN. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 2(5). Retrieved from http://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/266