PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION AMONG THE ADULTS IN KOMERIKA VS UTTUKURU NELLORE

Authors

  • Katari Kantha Department of Community Health Nursing, Narayana College of Nursing, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, 524003, India.
  • Arumugam Indira principal , Narayana College of Nursing, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, 524003, India.
  • Kalavathi. B

Keywords:

hypertension, non coastal area, coastal area, heart attack, stroke

Abstract

Background: Untreated high blood pressure may damage organs in the body and   increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, and brain hemorrhage. Elevated blood pressure is rising nearly 30 percent in teens, and by 2025, hypertension will affect 1.56 billion adults worldwide. This is a growing health concern.

 

Aim: to assess the prevalence of hypertension

 

Setting and Design: The study was conducted in Komerika (coastal area) and Uttukuru (non coastal area) by using a descriptive design.

 

 Materials and Methods: A total of 500 samples were included in this study. Among this, 250 samples belongs to coastal area and 250 samples belongs to non coastal area by using convenience sampling technique.

 

Statistical Analysis Used: The collected data was organized, tabulated, analyzed and interpreted by using descriptive and inferential statistics based on the objectives of the study.

 

Results: In Komerika, Out of 250 samples, With regard to the category of the blood pressure (20.8%) are stage-I, 15(6%) are stage-II, 1(0.4%) are stage-III, 33(13.2%) are grade-I, and 5(2%) are grade-II isolated systolic hypertension.  Known Hypertensive cases are 50(20%), Newly diagnosed cases are 56(22.4%). With regard to BMI, among 250 samples 18(7.2%) were overweight and 5(2%) were obese. in Uttukuru, among 250 samples, 85(34%) are stage-I, 7(2.8%) are stage-II, 48(19.2%) are grade-I, and 7(2.8%) are grade-II. Known Hypertensive cases are 96(38.4%). Newly diagnosed cases are 51(20.4%). With regard to BMI among 250 samples 49(19.6%) were overweight and 24(9.6%) were obese.

Conclusion: The above results shown that blood pressure values are high in the Uttukuru (non coastal area) than Komerika (coastal area).

References

I. Anchala, R.K.N. (2014) Hypertension in India: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension. J Hypertens , 32, 1170-7.

II. World Health Organization. (2013) Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2010. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2011.

a. http://www.who.int/nmh/ publications /ncd_report_full_en.pdf. Accessed on June 16,.

III. WHO.( 2013) A global brief on hypertension 2013. Geneva: World Health Organization;

a. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/79059/1/WHO_DCO_ WHD_2013.

IV. Lim, S.S., Vos, T., Flaxman, A.D., Danaei, G., et al (2012) A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990-2010 : a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. 380 ,2224-60.

V. World Health Organization, Geneva. (2013) Causes of Death 2008 [online database].

a. http ://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/cod_2008_

VI. WHO. World Health Statistics. Geneva: World Health Organization; (2013).

VII. Katari Kantha and Arumugam Indira, Prevalence of hypertension among the adults in coastal and non coastal areas International Journal of Development Research, Vol. 05, Issue, 01, pp. 3134-3139, January, 2015.

VIII. Arumugam Indira et.al, Prevalence of Pre Hypertension among the Adults Aged 20-60 Years in Coastal and Non Coastal areas International Journal of recent scientific research.6(11),pp.7166-7170, November,2015.

Additional Files

Published

15-05-2016

How to Cite

Katari Kantha, Arumugam Indira, & Kalavathi. B. (2016). PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION AMONG THE ADULTS IN KOMERIKA VS UTTUKURU NELLORE. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 2(5). Retrieved from http://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/261

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