LEVEL OF ACCREDITATION AND BOARD PERFORMANCE OF THE COLLEGES OF NURSING IN THE NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION
Keywords:Accreditation, board performance, competent nurses, quality nursing education
This study sought to correlate the accreditation status and the level of accreditation of nursing colleges in the National Capital Regions in the Philippines to the nurses licensure examination performance from 1994-1998. More specifically, it aimed to answer the following problems: a) what is the accreditation status of the private colleges of nursing in the National Capital Region as of 1998? b) What is the level of accreditation of the accredited colleges of nursing in the National Capital Region as of 1998? c) What is the average board performance of Accredited and non-accredited nursing schools from 1994-1998? d) Is there a significant relationship between the board performance and the accreditation status of the colleges of nursing? e) Is there a significant relationship between the board performance of the nursing schools and their level of accreditation? f) Is there a significant difference between the board performance of accredited and non-accredited schools of nursing? Descriptive-correlational design was utilized. Thirty-eight (38) colleges of Nursing in the National Capital Region were the focus of the study. Documentary analyses were utilized in the study. Data were gathered, collated, analyzed, and interpreted using the appropriate statistical tool which include: frequency and percentage were used to determine the profile of the NCR colleges of Nursing in terms of accreditation status, the level of accreditation and the mean board performance; Pearson’s r was used to determine whether a significant relationship exist between the accreditation status and the board performance, and the level of accreditation and the board performance of these nursing schools; and t-test was used to determine if a significant difference exists between the board performances of accredited and non-accredited schools using the level of significance at p ≤ .05. Findings were As of the year 2000, there are more non-accredited (65%) than accredited colleges (35%) of Nursing in the National Capital Region; Of the 14 accredited colleges, 3 are on Level 1; 10 are on Level II; and only 1 on Level III.; The mean board performance of non-accredited schools of nursing in the National Capital Region from 1994-1998 is 50%, while the mean board performance of accredited schools of nursing is 82%. In the light of the above findings, the following conclusions were drawn: a) There is a significant relationship between the accreditation status and the board performance rating of the NCR colleges of Nursing, b) There is a significant relationship between the level of accreditation and the board performance rating of the NCR colleges of Nursing and there is a difference between the board performance of accredited and non-accredited colleges of Nursing in the National Capital Region. The findings and conclusions have brought out the following recommendations: For the Administrators of the Colleges of Nursing: Seeking accreditation is a process that challenges the minds, the energies, the resources, and the pockets of institutions. It is strongly argued here that the accreditation process must be considered as a capital cost rather than as a expenditure. Like all other tasks, accreditation proves to be difficult in the beginning but once the prescribed standards are institutionalized, the process transforms from the unpolished to the polished. Accreditation pays in the long run. Quality always brings in clienteles who sustain the business. Schools must produce quality graduates who later on become the ambassadors of goodwill for the schools because of their competent performance.
For Nursing Researcher: This research has been limited only to the relationship of accreditation and board performance of the colleges of Nursing in the NCR. Other researches could be undertaken to: a) extend the scope of this study on other major nursing education regions or even on a national level, b) determine factors that hold back schools from seeking accreditation and determine variables other than accreditation that affect the school’s board performance. For Nursing Educators: Nursing education prepares its graduates to pass the licensure examinations. Poor board performance is reflective of the quality of education that the graduates received. Nursing educators must be cognizant of and work towards the standards expected of nursing educational institutions. This challenge is stronger now that the overseas demand for Filipino nurses is spreading. Before our nursing graduates went to the U.S., Canada or Middle East, now U.K. and other European nations are looking at the Philippines for their nursing needs. The Philippines cannot provide jobs for all our graduates nor could it earn enough dollar reserves from exported products. Our nurses overseas give the biggest contribution to the country’s dollar reserves through their remittances. The colleges of Nursing play a key role to keep high the overseas demand for Filipino nurse through the production of highly competent graduates.
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