SPECTRUM OF CONGENITAL HEART DISEASES IN PATIENTS PRESENTING TO ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY DEPARTMENT: A FOUR-YEAR EXPERIENCE

Dr. Shilpa Deshmukh Kadam

Abstract


Background: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity in the pediatric population of both the developing and developed countries.
Aim: Aim was to study the prevalence, age and sex wise distribution, and clinical spectrum of congenital heart disease in patients at Echocardiography department at a Tertiary care Hospital in Maharashtra India.
Methods: This is a retrospective hospital based study carried out over a period of 4 years [January 2016 – December 2019] where all patients suspected with CHD were subjected to echocardiographic study. The age, sex and echocardiography findings were documented.
Results: Echocardiography was done in 12,241 patients with suspected heart disease. Congenital heart diseases were diagnosed more commonly between 1 to 5 years of age. The commonest type of Acynotic CHD in our study was ventricular septal defect (VSD) (33.33%) and cyanotic CHD is Tetralogy of Fallot (30.64%).

Conclusions: In this era of most accurate diagnostic modalities, any clinical suspicion of congenital heart disease should be confirmed by echocardiography to hasten the diagnosis, timely management and prevention of complications.


Keywords


Congenital heart disease, Echocardiography, Prevalence

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