BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) AND CHRONIC ENERGY DEFICIENCY (CED) AMONG ADULT: A FIELD-BASED EXPERIENCE OF BHUMIJA FROM ODISHA, INDIA

Authors

  • Kalandi Singh Ph.D Scholar (NFHE Fellow), PG Department of Anthropology, Utkal University, Vani Vihar-751004, Odisha
  • Dr. Prasanna Kumar Patra Associate Professor, PG Department of Anthropology, Utkal University, Vani Vihar-751004, Odisha

Keywords:

Bhumija, CED, BMI, Adult, Odisha

Abstract

The present study attempts to examine the relationship between adult Bhumija’s BMI and CED in Mayurbhanj District, Odisha, India. Mathods: For the study total 275 respondents (men-133 and women-142) were selected from three villages those were over the age of 18-49 was investigated.  Results: The male respondents average mean body mass index (BMI) were 138.8 (19.4) cm, 31.84 (12.1) kg, 18.14(3.3) cm, and 15.7 (2.3) kg/m2, respectively. Females average mean BMI were 138.0 (19.2) cm, 31.7 (11.4) kg, 18.1 (3.2) cm, and 16.0 (2.3) kg/m2 respectively. Among males belonged to the under-nutrition group, 79(28.7%) were CED III, 18(6.5%) were CED II, 16(5.8%) were CED I, and 23(8.4%) were normal. On the other hand among females 75(27.3%) were CED III, 27(9.8%) were CED II, 17(6.2%) were CED I, and 23(8.4%) were normal. As per the guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO), the rate of under nutrition based on BMI and CED was high (≥ 40%), indicating a serious nutritional condition. Conclusion: The study suggests that need-based and culturally appropriate socio-economic, educational and public health programs should be initiated among the Bhumija in order to reduce the prevalence of health condition among the Bhumija.

References

Basu, S.K., Jindal, A. Kshatriya, G.K.1990. ‘The determinants of health seeking behaviour among tribal population of Bastar district’, Madhya Pradesh. South Asian Anthropologist, 1: 1-6

Beck, P. and Mishra, B.K. 2010: Socio-Economic Profile and Quality of Life of Selected Oraon Tribal Living in and Around Sambalpur Town, Orissa. Current Research Journal of Social Sciences, 2(6), 340–349.

Behera, G. 2017. “Impact of literacy status on Participation of Tribal Women in Panchayati Raj – A case study of Nilgiri ITDA Block of Balasore district in Odisha”. IOSR.22 (6):14-23

Bisai, S, Bose, K. 2012. “Critical nutritional stress among adult tribal populations of West Bengal and Orissa ,India”. Nature Preceding: 2012.7068.1

Bhattacharya, K.K., Haque, M., Biswas, T.K., 2006.” Nutritional status of two primitive tribes of eastern India: Anthropology of Primitive Tribes of India.323

Bose, K., Debsharma, B., and Das, S. 2011. ‘Is body adiposity index a good measure of nutritional status: A study among two adult tribal populations of Paschim Medinipur’, West Bengal, India. Science Journal of Sociology and Anthropology.1, 1–7

Bhandari, S.,Ghosh, M. and Bose K., 2019.’ Socio-Demographic Characteristics And Prevalence Of Under Nutrition Among Adult Sabars Of Bankura District, West Bengal, India.International Journal of Advancement in Life Sciences Research, 2(1), pp.1-10.

Chakrabarty, S., Pal, M., Bharati, S., Bharati, P., 2008. Chronic Energy Deficiency among Tribal Communities of Orissa, India. Tribes & Tribals.2, 95–101

Chakraborty, R., and Bose, K., 2008. Anthropometric characteristics and nutritional status of adult Oraon men of Gumla District, Jharkhand, India : The Internet Journal of Biological Anthropology.2-1

Das, K. (2012).Health as an economic indicator, Kurukshetra60 (10), 6

Das, S. and Bose, K., 2010. Body Mass Index and Chronic Energy Deficiency among adult Santal of Purulia , West Bengal, India : International Journal of Human Sciences.7 (2)

Das, S. Mahata, M. and Bose, K., 2013. Nutritional profile of adult Birhors of Purulia : A particularly vulnerable tribal group of West Bengal, India: Asian Academic Research Journal of Multidisciplinary; 1(5): 262-275

Deka,S. 2011. Health and Nutritional Status of the Indian Tribes of Tripura and Effects on Education, Student Pulse,3(03)

District Human Development Report- Mayurbhanj (Odisha),2011

Ghosh, M. & Bose, K. 2015. Assessment of Nutritional Status among male Bhumij of West Bengal, India: A comparison of body mass index and mid-upper arm circumference. Human Biology Review,4(2)

Ghosh, M. & Bose, K., 2017. Prevalence of undernutrition among adult Mahalis of Bankura district., West Bengal. National Seminar on tribal development in West Bengal, at Cultural Research Institute; Abstract page no. 28

Hamid, T. and Vaida, N. 2017. A study on nutritional status of scheduled tribe (Gujjar and Bakerwal) women of Kashmir. International Journal of Home Science.,3(3) 203-205

James, W.P.T., Mascie-Taylor, C.G.N., Norgan, N.G., Bristrian, B.R., Shetty,P., Ferro-Luzzi, A. 1994.The value of arm circumference measurements in assessing chronic energy deficiency in Third World adults. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.48, 883-894

John, P., and Ramadas, S. 2008. Body mass index: An indicator of nutritional status among adult Mannan tribes of idukki District, Kerela : Academic Review15(1 & 2),60–65

Kapoor, A.K., Saluja, K., Verma, D., Kapoor, S. 2012. Predictors of Hypertension among Adult Tribal Males of India : International Journal of Tropical Disease & Health.2(4), 241–256

Mukhopadhyay, A. 2010.Anthropometric characteristics and undernutrition among adult santal tribe of Birbhum District, West Bengal, India, Anthropological Science.118(1), 57-60

Mungreiphy, N.K., Kapoor,S., Sinha,R. 2012. Relationship between nutritional status, respiratory performance and age: study among Tangkhul Naga females of Northeast India. Acta Biologica Szegediensis.,56 (1),31–36

Naser, M.A. 2015. Socioeconomic Profile and Nutritional Status of Aged Garo Ethnic People, European Academic Research.III (7), 8045-8051

Rao, K.M., Kumar, R.H., Krishna, S.R., Bhaskar, V., Laxmaiah, A. 2015. Diet & nutrition profile of Chenchu population -A vulnerable tribe in Telangana & Andhra Pradesh, India. Indian J Med Res.141 (8), 688-96

Sarkar, R. 2016. A Study on the Health and Nutritional Status of Tribal Women in Godam Line Village of Phansidewa Block, Darjeeling, District. IOSR.21 (11),15-18

Singh, H.S., Ghritlahre, M., Das, S. 2014. Nutritional Status among Females of Bhaina Tribe of Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh India: An Anthropological insight. Journal of Anthropology

Sharma Pal, A.2012. Rural Health Scenario in India, Kurukshetra.60 (10), 9

Shinde, D.N., Patil, C.L.2016. Malnutrition and Drinking water of the children’s in tribal area in India, Review. New Man.3 (1), 52-55

World Health Organization, 1995. Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry, Technical Report Series No. 856

Additional Files

Published

15-04-2022

How to Cite

Kalandi Singh, & Dr. Prasanna Kumar Patra. (2022). BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) AND CHRONIC ENERGY DEFICIENCY (CED) AMONG ADULT: A FIELD-BASED EXPERIENCE OF BHUMIJA FROM ODISHA, INDIA. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 8(4). Retrieved from http://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/2443