• Sanjay Dey Associate Professor, UG College of Teacher Education, Baripada, Odisha, India
  • Amita Patra Scientist (Home Science), Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Balasore, Odisha, India.
  • Dillip Giri Senior Adviser-Institutional Planning and Quality Assurance, Institute of Dental Science, Jammu (J&K), India
  • Jyoti Sharma Lecturer of Education, GLA University, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • Liji Anna Varghese Statistician, Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Science, Kulasekharam, Kanayakumari, India


EI, adolescents, parental intervention, academic performance


Parental intervention has a strong influence on the personality development of adolescent children. Their family environment has a major role in the development of Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the emotional and behavioral aspects of adolescent children. The study aimed to identify the EI of adolescent children and to evaluate the effectiveness of parental involvement in teaching EI among adolescents. The study also investigates the relationship between parental intervention, EI, and academic performance. The study is cross-sectional and conducted among various secondary school students. The participants of the study were 300 children and their respective fathers and mothers living in the same family. The data was collected using pretested questionnaire and analyzed using the Mann Whitney U test, Kruskal Wallis H test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and Chi-square test. The mean age of the study population was 16.51± 1.04, with a minimum age of 15 and a maximum of 18. There was a significant positive relationship between EI and parental involvement (ρ=0.694); EI and academic achievement ((ρ=0.589); and between parental involvement and academic achievement (ρ=0.494). The study found that, in addition to poor parenting, the majority of respondents have medium EI in self-awareness, motivation, and social skills, all of which must be addressed for the country's future. The importance of parental involvement and emotional well-being in academic success cannot be overstated. Encouraging EI can help children to grow into quality adults.


Abisamra, N. (2000).The relationship between Emotional Intelligent and Academic Achievement in Eleventh Graders. Research in Education, FED.661

Aremu, A.O. (2000).Impact of home, school, and government on primary school pupils' academic performance. The Exceptional Child, 5, (1), 106-110.

Aremu, A .O. (2004).Psychological and Sociological determinant of academic achievement of Nigeria adolescents. IfePsychologia. An international Journal of Psychology in Africa, 12, (2), 149-161.

Aremu, A. O, & Sokan, B.O. (2003).A Multi-causal evaluation of the academic performance of Nigerian Learner, Issues and implications for National development. In Ayodele Bamisaiye, O, I.A, Nwazuoke, &A.Oladiran (Eds), Education this millennium (pp 365- 375).Ibadan: Macmillan Nig. Ltd.

Aremu, A .O. (2004).Psychological and Sociological determinant of academic achievement of Nigeria adolescents.IfePsychologia. An international Journal of Psychology in Africa, 12, (2), 149-161.

Butalid RM, Estacio KM, Gadian CD, Sisican JI. Analysis between the parental bonding styles and EI of student nurses. Proceedings of the Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala UniversityLife Science. Vol 3, No 1 (2013)

Campbell A, Ntobedzi A (2007). EI, coping and psychological distress: a partial least squares approach to developing a predictive model. E-Journal of Applied Psychology,3:39-54.

Campbell, J. (1995). Raising your child to be gifted. Cambridge, Ma: Brookline Books

Chandari L (2007). Adolescents’ health and human rights concerns. Health Action;32-4.

Cotton, K., &Wikelund, K.R. (2001). Parent involvement in education. Available at: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory Web site Accessed on 13/09/2006.

Cotton, K.., &Wikelund, K. (2005).Parent involvement in education. Available at: http:/ Accessed 03/18/ 2005.

Fonte BA (2015). Relationship between parenting style, EI, and self-esteem. Available from: http://hdl. [Last retrieved: 2015 Oct 06].

Galvin KM, Braithwaite DO and Bylund CL (2015) Family Communication: Cohesion and Change (Subscription). Abingdon: Rutledge

Garbacz, S. A., Herman, K. C., Thompson, A. M., and Reinke, W. M. (2017). Family engagement in education and intervention: implementation and evaluation to maximize family, school, and student outcomes. J. Sch. Psychol. 62, 1–10. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsp.2017.04.002

Gottman, John. (2001). Meta-Emotion, Children‘s EI, and Buffering Children from Marital Conflict. 10.1093/prof:oso/9780195145410.003.0002.

India Guide: Population of India: Census of India; 2011. Available from: [Accessed on July 2015].

Irvin JL, Richardson TL(2002). The importance of EI during the transition into middle school. Middle School Journal,33:55-8.

Katoch A (2013). A study of EI of adolescent students in relation to the type of school. Int J Behav Soc Mov Sci,2:28 36.

Lubit, R. (2004). The tyranny of toxic managers: Applying EI to deal with difficult personalities. Ivey Business Journal, 68(4), 1-7. Retrieved from %20toxic%20Managers.pdf

Maharishi R, Parameswari J (2013). Influence of EI on study involvement among adolescents. Int J EducPsychol Res,2:30 6.

Mahyuddin R, Elias H, Noordin N (2009). EI, achievement motivation, and academic motivation among students of the public and private higher education institutions. Int J Divers Organ Communities Nations,9:135 44.

Mayer, J. D., & Salovey, P. (1997). What is EI? In P. Salovey & D. Sluyter (Eds.), Emotional development and EI: Educational implications (pp. 3–31). New York: Basic Books

Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. R. (2004). EI: Theory, findings, and implications. Psychological Inquiry, 60, 197– 215.DOI:10.1207/s15327965pli1503_02

Nelson, B. L. (2013). Divorce Mediation and Its Impact on Children. A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Social Work St. Catherine University and the University of St. Thomas St. Paul, Minnesota.

Palmer BR, Donaldson C, Stough C (2002). EI and life satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences,33: 1091-1100.

Parker, J . D.A.; Creques, R.; Harris, J.; Majeski, S.A.; Wood, L.M., & Hogan. M.J (2003).Academic Success in High School: Does Emotional Matter? ERIC Clearing House

Parker G, Tupling H, Brown LB (1979). A parental bonding instrument. Br J Med Psychol,52:1 10.

Parker, J.D.A.; Summerfield, L.J., Hogan, M.J., &Majeski, S. (2002).EI Academic Success: Examining the Transition from High School to University. ERIC Clearing House.

Parker, J.D.A., Summerfieldt. L.J; Hogan, M.J., & Majestic, S. (2001).EI and academic achievement. A Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Psychological Association, Quebec City, Quebec.

Rich, D. (1987) Schools, and Families: Issues and Action. Washington: National Education Association Report.

Schutte NS, Malouff JM, Hall LE, Haggerty DJ, Cooper JT, Golden CJ, et al (1998). Development and validation of a measure of EI. PersIndividDif, 25:167 77.

Shah CJ, Sanisara M, Mehta HB, Vaghela HM (2014). The relationship between EI and academic achievement in medical undergraduate. Int J Res Med Sci,2:59 61

Sheldon, S.B., & Epstein, J.L. (2001a, August). Focus on math achievement: Effects of family and community involvement. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Anaheim, CA. Available at: National Network of Partnership Schools Web site: Accessed on 13/09/2006.

Sheldon, S.B., & Epstein, J.L. (2001b). Improving student behavior and discipline with family and community involvement. Available at: Johns Hopkins University, National Network of Partnership Schools Web site: Accessed on 13/ 09/2006. Simon, B.S. (2000).

Serrat, O. (2017). Understanding and developing EI. In Knowledge solutions (pp. 329- 339). Springer, Singapore. DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-0983- 9_37

Tajeddini R.(2017) EI and self-esteem among Indian and foreign students – A comparative study. Int J Humanit Soc Sci Invent, 3:16 25.

Tella, A. &Tella, A. (2003).Parental involvement, Home background, and School Environment as Determinants of Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students in Osun State, Nigeria. African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation, 5, (2), 42-48

Van Voorhis, F.L. (2001). Interactive science homework: An experiment in home and school connections. National Association of Secondary School Principals Bulletin, 85(627), 20-32

Additional Files



How to Cite

Sanjay Dey, Amita Patra, Dillip Giri, Jyoti Sharma, & Liji Anna Varghese. (2021). THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PARENTAL INTERVENTION IN TEACHING EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE TO THEIR ADOLESCENT CHILDREN. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 7(12). Retrieved from