Kirti Sharma


This study attempts to do Meta analysis of research done in past decade on application of online labs in secondary school education. Further, a comparison is drawn between existing online lab repositories for ease of teacher and students. All the articles and journals under study were peer reviewed and retrieved from free access sources like Google scholar and ERIC. The aim is to highlight the trend of research methods, research tool used as well as to draw opinion of teacher and students about efficiency of online lab. This research contributes in understanding impact of online labs as well as need of online lab repositories in secondary school education system.


Online lab, online lab repositories, secondary school science education

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[I] Aljuhani, Khulood & Sonbul, Marwa & Althabiti, Mashail & Meccawy, Maram. (2018). Creating a Virtual Science Lab (VSL): the adoption of virtual labs in Saudi schools. Smart Learning Environments. 5. 10.1186/s40561-018-0067-9.

[II] Al Musawi, Ali & Ambusaidi, Abdullah & Al-Balushi, Sulaiman & Al-Balushi, K. (2015). Effectiveness of E-Lab use in science teaching at the Omani schools. TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology. 14. 45-52.

[III] Arista, F.S.,& Kuswant, H. (2018). Virtual Physics Laboratory Application Based on The Android Smartphone to Improve Learning Independence and Conceptual Understanding. International Journal of Instruction, 11(1), 1-16.

[IV] Balakrishnan, Balamuralithara & Woods, Peter. (2009). Virtual laboratories in engineering education: The simulation lab and remote lab. Computer Applications in Engineering Education. 17. 108 - 118. 10.1002/cae.20186.

[V] Christian, Maier & Michael, Niederstätter. (2010). Lab2go – A Repository to Locate Online Laboratories. International Journal of Online Engineering. 6. 10.3991/ijoe.v6i1.1117.

[VI] Davenport, Jodi & Rafferty, Anna & Yaron, David. (2018). Whether and How Authentic Contexts Using a Virtual Chemistry Lab Support Learning. Journal of Chemical Education. 95. 10.1021/acs.jchemed.8b00048.

[VII] de Lima, João Paulo & Mellos Carlos, Lucas & Schardosim Simão, José & Pereira, Josiel & Mafra, Paulo & Silva, Juarez. (2016). Design and implementation of a remote lab for teaching programming and robotics. IFAC-PapersOnLine. 49. 10.1016/j.ifacol.2016.11.133.

[VIII] Dikke, Diana & Tsourlidaki, Eleftheria & Zervas, Panagiotis & Cao, Yiwei & Faltin, Nils & Sotiriou, Sofoklis & Sampson, Demetrios. (2014). GOLABZ: TOWARDS A FEDERATION OF ONLINE LABS FORINQUIRY-BASED SCIENCE EDUCATION AT SCHOOL

[IX] Dziabenko, O. & Orduña, Pablo & Garcia-Zubia, Javier. (2013). Remote experiments in secondary school education. Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference. 1760-1764. 10.1109/FIE.2013.6685140.

[X] Gomes, Luis & Bogosyan, Seta. (2010). Current Trends in Remote Laboratories. Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on. 56. 4744 - 4756. 10.1109/TIE.2009.2033293.

[XI] Gryczka, Patrick & Klementowicz, Edward & Sharrock, Chappel & Montclare, Jin. (2016). Interactive online physics labs increase high school students’ interest. Journal of Technology and Science Education. 6. 166. 10.3926/jotse.191.

[XII] Jihad, Teeba & Klementowicz, Edward & Gryczka, Patrick & Sharrock, Chappel & Maxfield, Macrae & Lee, Yougjun & Montclare, Jin. (2018). Perspectives on blended learning through the on-line platform, LabLessons, for Chemistry. Journal of Technology and Science Education. 8. 34. 10.3926/jotse.312.

[XIII] Lynch, Tiina & Ghergulescu, Ioana. (2017). NEWTON Virtual Labs: Introduction and Teacher Perspective. 343-345. 10.1109/ICALT.2017.133.

[XIV] Nedungadi, Prema & Raman, Raghu & McGregor, Mark. (2013). Enhanced STEM learning with Online Labs: Empirical study comparing physical labs, tablets and desktops. Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference. 1585-1590. 10.1109/FIE.2013.6685106.

[XV] Raman, Raghu & Haridas, Mithun & Nedungadi, Prema. (2015). Blending Concept Maps with Online Labs for STEM Learning. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. 320. 133-141. 10.1007/978-3-319-11218-3_14.

[XVI] Sampson, Demetrios & Tsourlidaki, Eleftheria & Zervas, Panagiotis & Sotiriou, Sofoklis. (2015). Towards a Metadata Schema for Characterizing Lesson Plans Supported by Remote and Virtual Labs for School Science Education.

[XVII] Son, Ji & Narguizian, Paul & Beltz, Dwight & Desharnais, Robert. (2016). Comparing Physical, Virtual, and Hybrid Flipped Labs for General Education Biology. Online Learning. 20. 228-243. 10.24059/olj.v20i3.687.

[XVIII] Tuysuz, Cengiz. (2010). The Effect of the Virtual Laboratory on Students’ Achievement and Attitude in Chemistry. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences. 2.


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