• Md Quadir Ali PG Student Psychology, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India
  • Manish Kumar Verma Assoc. Prof., Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India




This review research attempts to focus on the Epidemic of fear and its causes and effects on people’s mindset during the pandemic situation. Primarily the aim was to understand the psychological concept of the origination of fear due to epidemic or pandemic situations. Several theories and researches helped in explaining the underlying roots of the epidemics of fear and the behavioral changes in a person due to this. Through previous researches, a better understanding of the ways to prevent the fear of spreading among us is presented in this paper. Several type of researches and articles were studied that acted as the pillars of this paper reflecting on the causes of the epidemic of fear.


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IV. Borkovec, T. D., Robinson, E., Pruzinsky, T., & DePree, J. A. (1983). Preliminary exploration of worry: Some characteristics and processes. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 21, 9–16

V. Cave, S. (2013, July). The 4 stories we tell ourselves about death [Video]. Ted https://www.ted.com/talks/stephen_cave_the_4_stories_we_tell_ourselves_about_death

VI. Carleton, R. N., Norton, M. P. J., & Asmundson, G. J. (2007). Fearing the unknown: A short version of the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale. Journal of anxiety disorders, 21(1), 105-117

VII. Chow, D. (2020, April 3) Pandemic decision-making: Why Humans aren’t wired to understand the coronavirus. NBCNEWS. https://www.nbcnews.com/science/science-news/people-often-think-their-gut-s-not-ideal-pandemic-n1179926

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XI. Goodwin, R., Haque, S., Neto, F., & Myers, L. B. (2009). Initial psychological responses to Influenza A, H1N1 (" Swine flu"). BMC Infectious Diseases, 9(1), 166.

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XIV. Hatfield, E., Cacioppo, J. T., & Rapson, R. L. (1994). Emotional contagion. Studies in Emotion and Social Interaction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

XV. Holm, R. (2017, Nov). The danger of fearing death [Video]. TedX Brookings https://www.ted.com/talks/richard_holm_the_danger_of_fearing_death

XVI. Kramer, A. D., Guillory, J. E., & Hancock, J. T. (2014). Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(24), 8788-8790.

XVII. Leung, G. M., Lam, T. H., Ho, L. M., Ho, S. Y., Chan, B. H. Y., Wong, I. O. L., & Hedley, A. J. (2003). The impact of community psychological responses on outbreak control for severe acute respiratory syndrome in Hong Kong. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 57(11), 857-863.

XVIII. Rogers, R. W. (1975). A protection motivation theory of fear appeals and attitude change1. The journal of psychology, 91(1), 93-114.

XIX. Rubin, G. J., Amlôt, R., Page, L., & Wessely, S. (2009). Public perceptions, anxiety, and behaviour change in relation to the swine flu outbreak: cross sectional telephone survey. Bmj, 339, b2651.

XX. Ritchie, S. (2020, March 31). Don’t trust the psychologists on coronavirus. https://unherd.com/2020/03/dont-trust-the-psychologists-on-coronavirus/

XXI. Slovic, P. (1987). Perception of risk. Science, 236(4799), 280-285.

XXII. Stacy, Lu. (2015, March). An epidemic of fear. https://www.apa.org/monitor/2015/03/fear

XXIII. Strong, P. (1990). Epidemic psychology: a model. Sociology of Health & Illness, 12(3), 249-259.

XXIV. Teasdale, E., Yardley, L., Schlotz, W., & Michie, S. (2012). The importance of coping appraisal in behavioural responses to pandemic flu. British journal of health psychology, 17(1), 44-59.

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How to Cite

Md Quadir Ali, & Manish Kumar Verma. (2020). EPIDEMIC OF FEAR: CAUSE AND EFFECT ON PEOPLE’S MIND. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 6(9). Retrieved from http://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/2132