ASPECTS OF THE PREVALENCE OF DIABETES IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO: RESULTS FROM A RETROSPECTIVE SURVEY IN KATANGA PROVINCE

Arsène Kabamba Tshikongo, Richie Kipenge Kyandabike, Bernard Kalunga Tompa, Joel Kabadi Kasongo, Danny Mukeba Mbikayi, Yves Kisunka Bwalya, Zet Lukumwena Kalala, Albert Longanga Otshudi

Abstract


Context The World Health Organization (WHO) calls for the development of the epidemic prevalence of diabetes in the world and highlights its dramatic impact in countries with a strong socio-economic transition. Indeed, several factors favor the rapid emergence of diabetes as well as obesity: changes in dietary habits, alcohol, change of lifestyle with increasing sedentary lifestyle (car, city life, lack of interest in work in the field, etc. .). Goal The objective of this work was to determine the aspects of diabetes prevalence in the last six years in Katanga Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods It was a transversal retrospective study conducted from May to July 2015 the Provincial Health Division in Lubumbashi (DR Congo). Data archival records of the years from 2009 to 2014, helped to collect information on the prevalence of diabetes. Results In general, a change in the prevalence of diabetes as the number of inhabitants of the province of Katanga was found. In 2010 the prevalence of diabetes highest was recorded, with a number of inhabitants in the highest compared with other years of the study. This last year has been followed by the year 2014 in a population of 10,553,536 inhabitants. In 2012, there was a low number of inhabitants, but with a prevalence of diabetes ranked third by comparing six years of study. Conclusion Katanga The calculated prevalence of diabetes in the province varies according to years and the number of the enumerated population Katangese. A greater prevalence was found in the course of 2010

Keywords


epidemiology, diabetes, province, Katanga

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