Arsène Kabamba Tshikongo, Richie Kipenge Kyandabike, Bernard Kalunga Tompa, Joel Kabadi Kasongo, Danny Mukeba Mbikayi, Yves Kisunka Bwalya, Zet Lukumwena Kalala, Albert Longanga Otshudi


Context The World Health Organization (WHO) calls for the development of the epidemic prevalence of diabetes in the world and highlights its dramatic impact in countries with a strong socio-economic transition. Indeed, several factors favor the rapid emergence of diabetes as well as obesity: changes in dietary habits, alcohol, change of lifestyle with increasing sedentary lifestyle (car, city life, lack of interest in work in the field, etc. .). Goal The objective of this work was to determine the aspects of diabetes prevalence in the last six years in Katanga Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods It was a transversal retrospective study conducted from May to July 2015 the Provincial Health Division in Lubumbashi (DR Congo). Data archival records of the years from 2009 to 2014, helped to collect information on the prevalence of diabetes. Results In general, a change in the prevalence of diabetes as the number of inhabitants of the province of Katanga was found. In 2010 the prevalence of diabetes highest was recorded, with a number of inhabitants in the highest compared with other years of the study. This last year has been followed by the year 2014 in a population of 10,553,536 inhabitants. In 2012, there was a low number of inhabitants, but with a prevalence of diabetes ranked third by comparing six years of study. Conclusion Katanga The calculated prevalence of diabetes in the province varies according to years and the number of the enumerated population Katangese. A greater prevalence was found in the course of 2010


epidemiology, diabetes, province, Katanga

Full Text:



Danaei G., Finucane M.M., Lu Y., Singh G.M., Cowan M.J.,

Paciorek C.J., Lin J.K., Farzadfar F., Stevens G.A., Rao M., Ali

M.K., Riley L.M., Robinson C.A., Ezzati M., et Global burden of

metabolic risk factors of chronic diseases collaborating Group

(Blood Glucose). National, regional, and global trends in fasting

plasma glucose and diabetes prevalence since 1980: systematic

analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 370 country-years and 2.7 million participants. Lancet

; 378(9785):31–40.

Zhu M., Li J., Li Z., Luo W., Dai D., Weaver S., Stauber C., Luo R., et Fu H. Mortality rates and the causes of death related to diabetes mellitus in Shanghai Songjiang District: an 11-year retrospective analysis of death certificates. BMC Endocr Disord. 2015; 15(7): 45.

Tahmasebi A., Amin M.M., Poursafa P., Iraj B., Sadeghiyan H.,

Kelishadi R., et Sadeghian B. Association of geographical distribution of air quality index and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Isfahan, Iran. Pak J Med Sci. 2015 Mar-Apr; 31(2):369-73.

Wang X., Yang F., Bots M.L., Guo W.Y., Zhao B., Hoes A.W., et

Vaartjes I. Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome Among Employees in Northeast China. Chin Med J (Engl). 2015 Aug; 128(15):1989-1993.

Moutet JP., Kangambea-Nouvier P., Donnet JP., Pileire B., et

Eschwège E., Patterson AW. Diabetes mellitus and public health

in Guadeloupe. W I Med J. 1990 ; 39(5) : 139 – 43.

IDF (International Diabetes Federation), diabetes atlas, sixth edition. 2013; 6:48-56.

World Health Organization. Global health risks: mortality and

burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. Geneva:

World Health Organization. 2009.

Wild S., Roglic G., Green A., Sicree R., et King H. Global prevalence of diabetes : estimates for the year 2000 and projection for 2030. Diabetes Care. 2004 ; 7(5) :1047 – 53.

Rajagopalan S., et Brook R.D. Air Pollution and Type 2 Diabetes

Mechanistic Insights. Diabetes. 2012; 61(12):3037–3045.

Coogan P.F., White L.F., Jerrett M., Brook R.D., Su J.G., Seto E., Burnett R., Palmer J.R., et Rosenberg L. Air pollution and incidence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in black women living in Los Angeles. Circulation. 2012; 125(6):767–72.

Krämer U., Herder C., Sugiri D., Strassburger K., Schikowski T., Ranft U., et Rathmann W. Traffic-related air pollution and incident type 2 diabetes: results from the SALIA cohort study. Environ Health Perspect. 2010; 118(9):1273–79.

Papoz L., Barny S., Simon D and the Caldia study group. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in New Caledonia : ethnic and urbanrural differences. American Journal of Epidemiology. 1996 ;

(10) :1018 – 24.

Defay R., Papoz L., Barny S., Bannot-Lours S., Cacès E., et Simon D. Hormonal status and NIDDM in the European and Melanesian populations of New Caledonia : a case control study. International Journal of obesity. 1998 ; 22(7) :927 – 34.

Tassié JM., Papoz L., Barny S., Simon D and the Caldia study

group. Nutritionnal status in adults in the pluri-ethnic population

of New Caledonia. International Journal of Obesity. 1997 ; 21(3)

:61 – 6.

Costagliola D., Delaunay D., Moutet JP., Kangambea P.,

Demeulemeester R., Donnet JP., Papoz L., Eschwège E. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the adult population of Guadeloupe as estimated by history or fasting hyperglycemia. Diab Res Clin Pract. 1991 ;12(4) :209 – 16.

El Tallawy H.N., Farghaly W.M., Badry R., Hamdy N.A., Shehata G.A., Rageh T.A., Metwally N.A., Hassan E.M., Elsayed S.S., Yehia M.A., Soliman W.T. Epidemiology and clinical presentation of stroke in Upper Egypt (desert area). Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2015 Aug 21;11:2177-83.

Sodeberg S., Zimmet P., Tuomilehto J., De courten M., Dowse

KG., Chitson P., Gareeboo H., Alberti KGMM., Shaw JE. Increasing

prevalence of type 2 diabetes in all ethnic groups in Mauritius.

Diabetic Medicine. 2005 ; 22(2) :61 – 8.


Comments on this article

View all comments

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.