PREVALENCE AND ADAPTIVE COPING BEHAVIOUR OF PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME AMONG ADOLESCENT GIRLS

Dr. (Prof) Sudha A. Raddi, Mrs. Shubharani S. Muragod, Ms Sumedha Raikar, Mrs Gail Antao Carvalho

Abstract


Introduction: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a set of physical, emotional and behavioral symptoms that start week prior to menstruation and subsides when the menstrual flow begins.

Materials and Methods: A quantitative research approach with descriptive cross sectional design was used for 150 B.Sc Nursing students in the age group of 18 to 20 years. The sample was drawn through purposive sampling method. Premenstrual rating scale and check list was use to collect the data. Data was analyzed by using descriptive and infertial statistics.

Results:  Among 150 students 58 (38.7%) had not experienced any symptoms of PMS, about 51 (33.5%) had mild symptoms, 30(20.4%)were having moderate premenstrual symptoms, 11(7.3 %) had severe premenstrual symptoms. Among 150 students Rest124 (82.66%) was the most common coping mechanism for the somatic symptoms followed by reduced caffeine intake54 (36%), exercise 31(20.66%) and analgesic 30 (20%). There was no association found between prevalence of PMS and selected demographic variables.

Keywords


Premenstrual syndrome, adolescent girls, prevalence, adaptive coping behavior.

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References


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