Dr. Sonaram Kalita


Assam is the easternmost outpost of Indian civilization from the remote past when the people belonging to different races and ethnic groups settled, and a composite culture was grown out of their living in close proximity for millennia. In the first part of the topic, Assam is meeting ground of diverse ethnic and cultural streams, as well as the principal migrants, have been the Austro-Asiatic, the Dravidians, the Tibeto-Burman, the Mongoloid, and Aryan. In second, the Assamese people along with the Kachari may rightly be placed under two broad groups the Tribals and the Non-Tribals. Socially and culturally the tribal people of Assam have contributed immensely towards the formation of the rich socio-cultural fabric known as ‘Assamese’. In third, the historical understanding with the process of interaction between the Aryans and the non-Aryans and between the Tribal and the non-Tribal is being carried on in Assamese society even to this day. It is also explored in forth part in the topic that some factors witnessing to develop feudal state formation. Lastly, it will give the birth to a kind of paternal bureaucracy as a measure of reconciling the internal contradictions within the ruling class along with a coercive authority and it manifested the ruling class interest vis-à-vis state. And some new findings and conclusions are to be drawn at the end.

Full Text:



Acharrya, N.N., : The History of Medieval Assam: From the 13th to the 17th century AD, Ghy, 1966

Barpujari, H.K.,: The Comprehensive History of Assam, (ed.) (Vol.III), PBA, Ghy., 1992.

Barua, H.,: The Red River and the Blue Hill, First Edition, Gauhati, LBS, 4th Ed. 1984.

Baruah, S.L.,:A Comprehensive History of Assam, Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers,.Delhi, 2005.

Bhattacharjee, J.B.: Bhauma-Naraka Legend and State Formation in Pragjyotisa Kamarupa, NEIHA, 2004; Social and Polity Formation in Pre-Colonial North East India, South Asia Book, New Delhi, 1991.

Bordoloi, B.N.: The Dimasa Kacharis of Assam, Second edition, 1976, TRI, Ghy, 1984.

Bhattacharya, P.N. (ed.) Heramba Rajyer Dandavidhi, 1921, p.11; ADA, pp.96-111

Butler, Major, J., op.cit., 26; DKA, p.43; BAC, p.72

Brahma, Rupnath, ‘Bodo Kachari Jatir Sanskriti’ ASSP, xiv, Nos. 2, 3

Chatterjee, S.K. : The Place of Assam in the History and Civilization of India, Dept. of Publication, Gauhati University, Guwahati, 1970; Kirata-Jana-Krti, First edition 1951

Danda, Dipali G., : Among the Dimasas of Assam, Sterling Publishers, New , Delhi, 1978.

Das, B.M.: The People of Assam: Origin and Composition, Gian Publishing House, Delhi, 1987.

Das, Jogesh : Folklore of Assam, National Book Trust, India, New Delhi, 1972.

Devi, L. : Ahom-Tribal Relations, Lawyers Book Stall, Guwahati, Second Edition, 1992.

Gait, E.,: A History of Assam, First Edition, Calcutta, 1905; Second Edition, LBS, Guwahati, 1962.

Guha U.C., Cacharer Itivritta, pp.122-3; DAB, p.26; KB, p. 24; Compre., HK Borpujari.

Rajkumar, S.: Itihase Soaura Chashata Bachar, 1st Ed., Jorhat, 1980; Repr. Banalata, Dib, 2000.

Sarmah, Sachi., : Kathaguru Carit, Samannaya Granthalaya, Nalbari, 1990.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.