EFFECT OF STRENGTH TRAINING AND ENDURANCE TRAINING ON SELECTED PHYSICAL FITNESS VARIABLES

Authors

  • Ms. V. Saratha Ph.D., Research Scholar, Department of Physical Education, Annamalai University
  • Dr. S. Chidambara Raja Professor, Department of Physical Education, Annamalai University

Keywords:

Resistance training, endurance training, physical fitness, leg strength, strength endurance and cardio-respiratory endurance

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of resistance training and endurance training on selected physical fitness variables.  Forty five female students aged between 17 and 22 years were selected for the study.  They were divided into three equal groups, each group consisting of fifteen subjects in which three experimental groups and one control group, in which the group I (n=15) underwent resistance training, group II (n = 15) underwent endurance training for three days (alternative days) per week for twelve weeks, and group III (n=15) acted as control, which did not participate in any training.  The subjects were tested on selected criterion variables such as leg strength, strength endurance and cardio-respiratory endurance at prior to and immediately after the training period.  For testing the leg strength, the dynamometer was used, to test the strength endurance, bent knee sit-ups was administered and to measure the cardio-respiratory endurance, Cooper’s 12 minutes run/walk test was administered.  The analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to find out the significant difference if any, between the experimental groups and control group on selected criterion variables separately.  Since there were three groups involved in the present study, the Scheffé S test was used as post-hoc test.  The selected criterion variables such as leg strength, strength endurance and cardio-respiratory were improved significantly for the training groups when compared with the control group and the leg strength and strength endurance were improved significantly for strength training group and in cardio-respiratory endurance, the endurance training group was improved significantly.

References

Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Training on 10-6-2019.

Retrieved from http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/human-resource-development/training-meaning-definition-and-types-of-training/32374 on 10-06-2019.

“What is training? Definition and examples”, retrieved from https://marketbusinessnews.com/financial-glossary/training/ on 11-06-2019

Tudor O. Bompa, Periodization : Theory and Methodology of Training, (4th ed.,), (Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers, 1999), p.54.

Dietrich Harre, Principles of Sports Training, (Sportverlag, Berlin 1982), p.10.

Retrieved from https://www.unm.edu/~lkravitz/Exercise%20Phys/periodizationexpl.html on 22-6-2019.

American Council of Exercise, “Periodized training and why it is important?”, retrieved from https://www.acefitness.org/education-and-resources/lifestyle/blog/6660/periodized-training-and-why-it-is-important on 18-06-2019.

Marx, J.O. et al, (2001), “Low volume circuit versus high-volume periodized resistance training in women”, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 33, 635-643.

Shaw I and Shaw B.S, (2014), “Resistance Training and the Prevention of Sports Injuries”. In Hopkins G (ed). Sports Injuries: Prevention, Management and Risk Factors, (Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers), ISBN 9781634633055.

Shaw B.S and Shaw I, (2005), “Effect of resistance training on cardiorespiratory endurance and coronary artery disease risk”, Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, 16:5, 256-59.

Shaw B.S and Shaw I, (2009),“Compatibility of concurrent aerobic and resistance training on maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary males”, Cardiovascular Journal of Africa, 20:2, 104-6.

Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endurance_training#cite_note-1 on 10-6-2019.

Retrieved from https://www.sports-training-adviser.com/endurancefitness.html on 14-6-2019.

Retrieved from https://www.busywomensfitness.com/exercise-benefits.html on 9-3-2016.

Azeem, Kaukab and Abdulhameed Al Ameer, “Effect of Weight Training Programme on Body Composition, Muscular Endurance, and Muscular Strength of Males”, Annals of Biological Research, 4:2, 2013.

Spanos, K. L. Karaiskos, E. Zetou and C. Portokalis, “The Effects of Two Resistance Training Programs in Maximum Strength and Muscular Endurance of Male Adults”, Physical Training, August 2007.

Kraemer, W.J. S. A. Mazzetti, B. C. Nindl, L. A. Gotshalk, J. S. Volek, J. A. Bush, J. O. Marx, K. Dohi, A. L. Gómez, M. Miles, S. J. Fleck, R. U. Newton, and K. Häkkinen, “Effect of Resistance Training on Women's Strength/Power and Occupational Performances”, Med. Sci. Sports Exerc, 33:6, 2001.

Manikandan, S. “Effect of Interval Training and Continuous Running on Selected Biomotor Abilities”, International Journal of Advanced Research, 1:6, 2016.

Mathankumar, T. and D. Sakthignanavel, “Effect of Continuous Running and Fartlek Training on Cardio-respiratory Endurance and Muscular Endurance of Football Players”, International Research Journal of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, 2:2, August 2015.

Additional Files

Published

15-02-2020

How to Cite

Ms. V. Saratha, & Dr. S. Chidambara Raja. (2020). EFFECT OF STRENGTH TRAINING AND ENDURANCE TRAINING ON SELECTED PHYSICAL FITNESS VARIABLES. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 6(2). Retrieved from http://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/1974