• Ms. V. Saratha Ph.D., Research Scholar, Department of Physical Education, Annamalai University
  • Dr. S. Chidambara Raja Professor, Department of Physical Education, Annamalai University


Resistance training, endurance training, physical fitness, leg strength, strength endurance and cardio-respiratory endurance


The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of resistance training and endurance training on selected physical fitness variables.  Forty five female students aged between 17 and 22 years were selected for the study.  They were divided into three equal groups, each group consisting of fifteen subjects in which three experimental groups and one control group, in which the group I (n=15) underwent resistance training, group II (n = 15) underwent endurance training for three days (alternative days) per week for twelve weeks, and group III (n=15) acted as control, which did not participate in any training.  The subjects were tested on selected criterion variables such as leg strength, strength endurance and cardio-respiratory endurance at prior to and immediately after the training period.  For testing the leg strength, the dynamometer was used, to test the strength endurance, bent knee sit-ups was administered and to measure the cardio-respiratory endurance, Cooper’s 12 minutes run/walk test was administered.  The analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to find out the significant difference if any, between the experimental groups and control group on selected criterion variables separately.  Since there were three groups involved in the present study, the Scheffé S test was used as post-hoc test.  The selected criterion variables such as leg strength, strength endurance and cardio-respiratory were improved significantly for the training groups when compared with the control group and the leg strength and strength endurance were improved significantly for strength training group and in cardio-respiratory endurance, the endurance training group was improved significantly.


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How to Cite

Ms. V. Saratha, & Dr. S. Chidambara Raja. (2020). EFFECT OF STRENGTH TRAINING AND ENDURANCE TRAINING ON SELECTED PHYSICAL FITNESS VARIABLES. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 6(2). Retrieved from http://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/1974