M. ED. STUDENTS’ COMBINATORIAL INCLINATIONS ON PEDA-ANDRAGOGICAL ORIENTATIONS

Dr. C. Siva Sankar

Abstract


Pedagogy is the art and science of teaching children. The basic content of pedagogy deals with knowledge, practice and belief or professional ethics of teaching. In the pedagogical orientations, the teacher has full responsibility for making decision about what will be learned, how it will be learned, when it will be learned. It is based on the assumption that learners need to know only what teacher teaches them. In pedagogical approach, learning experiences are more teacher-directed. It includes lectures, transmitting factual information, assigned readings, drills, tests and rote learning. Andragogy is the art and science of teaching adults. In other words, it is science and art of helping adults learn. The adult learner goes from being dependent to self-directed. The growth and development of andragogy as an alternative model of instruction has helped to remedy this situation and improve the teaching adults. In andragogical approach, learners are expected to be independent in learning and society acknowledges what people want to learn. In andragogical orientations, the role of teacher is that of a facilitator and it includes self-direction, autonomy, accountability and responsibility for decisions resource of experience, performance of social roles and immediacy of application or action. The peda-andragogical orientations are useful to refine the teacher and learner behavior in teaching learning process.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sharma R. A. (2014). Teacher Education and Pedagogical Training. Meerut: VinayRakheja.

Henry, George William. (2009). an Historical Analysis of the Development of Thinking in the Principal Writings of Knowles. (Doctoral Dissertation). School of Learning and Professional Studies, Faculty of Education, Queensland university of Technology.

Schunk, D.H. (2008). Learning theories (5thed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Blondy Laurie C. (2007). Evaluation and Application of Andragogical Assumptions to the Adult Online Learning Environment. Journal of Interaction Online Learning .volume 6, Number2, summer.

Deveci, Tanuja. (2007). Andragogical and Pedagogical Orientations of Adult Learners Learning English as a Foreign Language. Journal of New Horizons in Adult Education and Human Resources Development. Volume 21, Number3, Summer/Fall.

Sandlin, Jennifer A. (2005). Andragogy and its Discontents: AN Analysis of Andragogy from Three Critical perspective. PAACE Journal of Lifelong Learning, Vol. 14, 2005, 25-42.

Gibson, S. K. (2004). Social Learning (cognitive) theory and implication for human resources development. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 6,193-210.

Chen, Y. (1994). A comparative study of learning orientation between adult and traditional students in Taiwan. Bulletin of Social Education, 23, 251-265. Retrieved October.

Kramer, Betty J & Wren, Rachel (1994). The Blending of Andragogical and Pedagogical Teaching Methods in Advanced Social work Practice Courses. Journal of Teaching in Social Work, Volume 10, Issue 1-2, 1994. Published online: 5th Nov.

Rogers. C. & Freiberg, H. J. (1993). Freedom to learn. London. England: Merrill.

Knowles, M (1990). The Adult Learner: A Neglected Species, Houston, TX: Gulf.

Merriam S.B.(1988).Finding your way through the maze: A guide to the literature on adult learning. Lifelong Learning: An Omnibus of Practice and Research, 11(6), 4-7.

Jarvis, P. (1985). The Sociology of adult and continuing education. Beckenham. England: Croom Helm.

Christian, A.C. (1983). A comparative study of the andragogical-pedagogical orientation of military and civilian personnel. Dissertation Abstracts International, 44, 0643a.

Knowles, M. (1980). The modern practice of adult education: From Pedagogy to andragogy. New York: Cambridge Books.

Hadley, H. (1975). Development of an instrument to determine adult educators’orientations.Andragogical or PedagogicalDissertation Abstract International: Boston University, 35,759a.

Mc, Terman E.J (1974). Andragogical education in the heal services. Adult Education Quarterly, 37,187-198.

Knowles, M. (1970). The modern practice of adult education: Andragogy versus pedagogy. New York: Association Press.

Maslow. A. H. (1968). Towards a psychology of being (2nded.). New York, NY: Van No strand Reinhold.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2019 INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH JOURNAL