NARRATIVE REVIEW ON EFFECTIVENESS OF INDIVIDUALIZED EDUCATION TO IMPROVE KNOWLEDGE ELDERLY PEOPLE REGARDING DIABETES MELLITUS AND ITS PREVENTION

Ms. Thingujam Bemita, Ms. Athokpam Sonia Devi

Abstract


INTRODUCTION:

 

The prevention of diabetes mellitus is a challenge for the  healthcare team. Prevention of diabetes is crucial to lowering disease incidence, and thus minimizing the individual, familial, and public health burden. It is highly important to know about the  awareness of the disease.

 

OBJECTIVE:

 

  • To evaluate  the effectiveness of  individualized education on knowledge regarding diabetes mellitus and its prevention among elderly people.
  • To assess the knowledge regarding diabetes mellitus and its prevention among elderly people.

METHOD:

 

 Seven hundred and three village inhabitants, comprising of adults and youth 10-92 years of age were provided educational intervention using ‘ trained trainers’. Culturally and linguistically appropriate health education message addressed diet, physical activity and knowledge improvement. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and the effectiveness of intervention were assessed using select parameters.

 

RESULT:

 

The crude prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes among was 5%  and 13% respectively, while pre-diabetes in youth 10-17 years of age was 5%. Intervention reduced fasting blood glucose levels of pre-diabetes adults by 11% pre-diabetes youth by 17% and among adults with type2 diabetes mellitus by25%. Improvements in obesity parameters and dietary intake also occurred. A step –wise worsening of parameters progressing from the normoglycemic state to the impaired levels of pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus was observed.

 

 

CONCLUSION:

 

Educational intervention was successful in reducing some of the obesity parameters and improving dietary patterns of individuals with pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus.


Keywords


Effectiveness, Individualized education, Prevention, Diabetes Mellitus and Elderly people

Full Text:

PDF

References


• Kaniz Fatima,et.al (2017) Bangladesh. Knowledge, aAttitude and Practice regarding diabetes mellitus among non diabetes and diabetes study participants. BMC Public Health .

• Mistere Wolde, et.al (2017, November ) Ethoipia. Knowledge and Practice on prevention of diabetes mellitus among diabetes mellitus family members.

• Beteema Kurion, et.al (2016). A Community based study on knowledge of diabetes mellitus among adults in a rural population. 1 (2), 59-64.

• Dalma Alvespereria, et.al (2012, June) Brazil. The effect of educational intervention on the disease knowledge of diabetes mellitus patients.

• William Kiberenge Maine, et.al (2010). Knowledge, attitude and practice related to diabetes among community in four provinces. Pan African Medical Journal .

• N. Kamalamma, et.al (2008). A Community based diabetes prevention and management education in a rural. American Diabetes Asociation .

• Aging and health Fact sheet, September 2015, WHO.

• Report of the technical Group on Population Projection, Government of India, 2006.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2019 INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH JOURNAL